Poland Poland


Centrum Badań nad Uprzedzeniami (Centre for Research on Prejudice), M. Skrodzka, A. Stefaniak, Postawy wobec muzułmanów a przywiązanie do grupy własnej w Polsce (Attitudes of Poles towards Muslims in the light of the attachment to their own group), Warszawa 2017

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Centrum Badań nad Uprzedzeniami (Centre for Research on Prejudice)

Main Thematic Focus

Racism & xenophobia Integration & inclusion

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities Migrants People with migrant background

Key findings

Most of the Polish society has no contact with Muslims and would be reluctant to interact with them in their daily lives. Due to the lack of direct contact with the followers of Islam, their image is largely created by the media fuelling the sense of threat resulting from their presence. In addition, in times of "migration crisis", Muslims are often identified with refugees and invaders whose aim is to destroy the foundations of Christian Europe. Poles present rather high level of Islamophobia. Sixty percent of respondents of the study agreed that "Islam is an archaic religion that cannot adapt to modern times" while 59% support the statement that "Muslims are so different from us that they should not have access to all positions in the society." Also, more than a half of the respondents (52%) agreed that "Muslims are rather primitive compared to the followers of other religions". The results of the Polish Prejudice Survey 3 confirmed the high level of prejudice against Muslims in Poland, demonstrated also in the previous studies conducted by the Centre for Research on Prejudice.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Data used to draft the report was collected as part of the Polish Prejudice Survey 3. The study was conducted on a representative sample of Poles (N = 1019) in 2017. Women constituted 52.2% of the respondents.

Sample details and representativeness

1019 respondents

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.