Portugal Portugal


Kalnyseta, Eva., Islamophobia in Portugal: National Report 2016, in: Enes Bayraklı & Farid Hafez, European Islamophobia Report 2016, Istanbul, SETA, 2017.

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


SETA | Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Reasearch

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population


Key findings

In spite of the insistent claim that there is no Islamophobia in Portugal, discriminatory stereotyping of Muslims is widespread. Portugal’s very small and diverse Muslim community has proactive representatives who are well-versed in working with the media. A significant part of the community is economically secure and well connected with church dignitaries and the highest-ranking state officials. Anti-Muslim stereotypes are not exploited in election campaigns. Nevertheless, Muslims are repeatedly exposed to stereotyping and processes of Othering. Muslim institutions like mosques are more readily accepted in Portugal than in other European countries. Nevertheless, they become targets of hostile acts in the aftermath of terror attacks abroad. Schoolbooks and the media play a crucial role in the definition of a white and Roman Catholic “Portugueseness”or “Europeanness” and related mechanisms of exclusion. Anti-Muslim actions and incidents occur in Portugal, but there are no mechanisms in place to register and document them.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

There is no methodological section in the report. However, it is possible to understand that the national report was based on the analysis of available literature, reports by NGOs, media reports and other relevant information. There is evidence that at least one face to face interview was conducted.

Sample details and representativeness

No other information available.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.