United Kingdom United Kingdom


Runnymede Trust (2017), Islamophobia: Still a challenge for us all

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


UK, Runnymede Trust

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities

Key findings

In relation to anti-Muslim hate crime, the research mapped studies and publications that demonstrated, inter alia, a sharp rise is hate crime and anti-Muslim attacks following “trigger events”; concerning rates of negative opinions towards Muslims and found those with a “visible” Muslim identity are more likely to be a victims of such incidents. The report sets out research that points to the conclusion that hate crimes “hurt more” than other offences and that whilst some incidents may involve physical injury hate crime can also have devastating emotional, psychological, behavioural, physical and financial effects. In light of this, the report makes the following recommendations:
• The Government should adopt Runnymede’s definition of Islamophobia.
• More data should be collected by public services, the private sector and the charities.
• The Government should reintroduce a target to reduce child poverty (as poverty is a particular problem for Muslim communities).
• The Government should adopt a strategy to address inequalities that have come to light through the collection of race equality data.
• Employers and employment support organizations should address barriers to equal labour market participation.
• A common platform should be created through closer working together of race equality, Muslim and other faith led civil society groups.
• Local mayors and Police and Crime Commissioners should ensure appropriate resources are allocated to tackling hate crime effectively at a local level.
• Restorative and rehabilitative interventions should be utilised to tackle hate crime (in addition to criminal justice sanctions).
• An independent inquiry into the Government’s counter-terrorism strategy should be carried out.
• Media regulators should proactively intervene in instances of discriminatory reporting.
• Challenging Islamophobia is a challenge for British society as a whole.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)


Literature review and case studies.

Sample details and representativeness

Six case studies.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.