Belgium Belgium


European Network Against Racism (ENAR), Racism and discrimination in employment in Europe: ENAR Shadow Report 2013-17

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


Belgium, European network against racism (ENAR)

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population

Migrants People with migrant background

Key findings

An exploration of the position of migrants and minorities in European labour markets. In Belgium, access to labour market is restricted where job applicants with foreign sounding names have 30% less chances of being invited to a job interview compared to applicants with a similar profile but Flemish sounding names. Similarly, despite the existence of anti-discrimination laws, there is a lack of enforcement, especially because redress procedures are too costly (80% of victims of racism or discrimination in employment do not go to court for financial reasons). A significant finding is that 50% of discrimination complaints by women on the ground of religion (Islam) in 2014 concerned employment.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)


Sample details and representativeness


DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.