Trimikliniotis, N. (2018) 'The proliferation of Cypriot states of exception', The Cyprus Review, Volume 30:2, Fall 2018, 43-84.




Trimikliniotis, N. (2018) 'The proliferation of Cypriot states of exception', The Cyprus Review, Volume 30:2, Fall 2018, 43-84.

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Type of publication

Academic article

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Cyprus, University of Nicosia

Main Thematic Focus

Discrimination Public perceptions & attitudes

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities Refugees & asylum seekers

Key findings

This paper examines the proliferation of regimes of exception and derogation of rights in Cyprus. It demonstrates that, despite positive developments the threats to fundamental rights derived from the context of the post-2015 ‘refugee crisis’, anti-Europeanism and the Cypriot states of exception. The paper examines legal and social aspects relating to the treatment of the largest Muslim group in Cyprus, theTurkish-Cypriot community, which depicted and targeted as a medium for Turkish policy in Cyprus. The paper investigates the proliferation of legal regimes of exclusion, derogation and discrimination against this community, as a result of the Supreme court decision of Attorney General of the Republic v Mustafa Ibrahim (1964), which legitimized the ‘doctrine of necessity’. Even after accession to the EU, the ‘doctrine of necessity’, contrary to the EU acquis and the rights provided in the ECHR continues to impact adversely on the rights of this community. It examines how the law, state policy and practice have discriminatory impact on this community in the exercise of their rights, particularly pertaining to the exercise of their marital and family rights, their property rights, their right to vote in the national elections and the European Parliament elections and their participation in public life. Moreover, the paper finds that the discourses on migrants is entangled with stereotypical fear against Muslims as migrants are often targeted as a medium for Turkish policy in Cyprus: Muslim migrants, asylum-seekers and refugees are targeted and connected to the so-called ‘terrorism-immigration nexus’. The securitisation of migration is used as the basis for invoking the ‘dangers’ posed by certain categories framed as ‘dangerous', cultivating fears and insecurity amongst the host population.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Qualitative (Desk-top study, case law analysis, policy and stituational analysis)

Sample details and representativeness

Not relevant

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