Owal group Oy (2018), Selvitys vihapuheesta ja häirinnästä ja niiden vaikutuksista eri väestöryhmiin. Seurantakysely 2017 (Report on hate speech and harassment and their impact on different target groups. Follow-up survey 2017), Owal group Oy 6/2018.
Owal group Oy (2018), Selvitys vihapuheesta ja häirinnästä ja niiden vaikutuksista eri väestöryhmiin. Seurantakysely 2017 (Report on hate speech and harassment and their impact on different target groups. Follow-up survey 2017), Owal group Oy 6/2018.View full Research
Type of publication
Survey - quantitative research
Area/location of interest
Not applicable - national level
Type of Institution
Finland, Owal group Oy
Main Thematic Focus
Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence
Migrants People with migrant background
The study shows that 66 % of the respondents have observed hate speach or harassment directed at persons with a foreign language, foreign nationality or migrant status, and 46 % at persons belonging to religious minorities. The share of these groups in the sample were only 8 % and 23 %. The most common type of incidents involved verbal abuse, harassment and humiliation. The most common place of the incidents were, in the case of religious minorities, facebook and, in the case of foreigners and migrants, the public transportation system. 69 % did not report the incidents to public authorities and the main reasons for this was that they did not believe that anything would be done (68 %) or that anything could be done (57 %). In comparison to the previous survey conducted in 2015, hate speach and harassment towards migrants and foreigners has decreased.
Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)
The survey was a follow-up to a similar survey conducted in 2015, only minor alterations were made, including the addition of two target groups. Statistical information was gathered through an online questionnaire, which was sent via organisations to potential representatives of the target groups.
Sample details and representativeness
The target groups studied included sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, Romas, Samis, swedish-speaking Finns, migrants (foreign language, foreign nationality, migrant status) and religious minorities. In total 735 answers were obtained from representatives of the target groups, 163 represented religious minorities and 7 % of these were Muslims. The study does not provide information on the number of Muslims in the group of migrants.
DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.