Sweden Sweden


Mosques and Muslim congregations’ vulnerability and security in Sweden 2018 (Moskeers och muslimska församlingars utsatthet och säkerhet i Sverige 2018 ) - Gardell, Mattias, Center for Multidisciplinary Studies on Racism (Centrum för Mångvetenskaplig Forskning om Rasism), Uppsala University

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution



Sweden, Uppsala University (Uppsala Universitet)

Main Thematic Focus

Hate speech Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities

Key findings

The study is built on an online questionnaire which was answered by representatives from 106 Muslim congregations. 59 % of the Muslim congregations in Sweden has been exposed to some kind of physical threat. 81 % of the respondents said they think there is a threat against mosques in society, and 90 % said they think there is a threat against Muslims. The results show that the level of threats and hate crimes that the Muslim congregations in Sweden are exposed to, is not compatible with and a serious threat to the upheaval of the first of Sweden’s four constitutional laws, which focuses on the respect for all humans equal worth and every individual’s freedom and dignity.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Survey - quantitative research

Sample details and representativeness

A web questionnaire was sent to 167 Muslim congregations in Sweden with boards, member lists and their own place, where the Friday prayer is being performed on a regular basis. The congregations in question was identified with help from the Swedish Islamic Cooperation Council (Islamiska samarbetsrådet) and the Swedish Agency for Support to Faith Communities (Myndigheten för stöd till trossamfund). The questionnaire was answered by 106 Muslim congregations, which implies a reply rate of 64 %. An analysis of lost and participating respondents in the study show a broad representation of Muslim congregations representing different religious traditions in the whole country.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.