Finland Finland


Victim Support Finland and The National Forum for Cooperation of Religions in Finland (2019), Victims' experiences of hate crimes in Finland 2014-2018, Helsinki, Victim Support Finland (Rikosuhripäivystys) and CORE Forum (USKOT-foorumi ry).

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


Finland, Victim Support Service & The National Forum for Cooperation of Religions in Finland (CORE Forum), Rikosuhripäivystys & Uskontojen yhteistyö Suomessa - USKOT-foorumi ry

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

General population

Key findings

The study focuses on qualitative information linked to experiences and needs of victims of hate crimes . In total 106 cases were analysed. The two most common motives of hate were skin colour or ethnic or national origin (47) and religion or conviction (32). Most incidents targeting Muslims involved female victims, who wore a headscarf or niqab. The incidents took place mainly day time in public places. They included verbal abuse and in some instances physical violence. In only 15 instances did the victim report the case to the police. Among reasons for not reporting the case, the respondents mentioned lack of trust in the police, fear, daily experience, and lack of information and support.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Data was collected through an online questionnaire between 15 August and 22 October 2018. In addition, a few number of reports were received by phone and in writing. The questions, some of which were open-ended, concerned victim information, the hate crime and the period after the incident.

Sample details and representativeness

132 reports were obtained, 26 did not fullfill the requirements (e.g. timeframe) and were excluded. In addition, 5 interviews were conducted.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.