Italy Italy


Vox (2019), Mappa dell'intolleranza 4. Musulmani=terroristi (Intolerence Maps No. 4. Muslims=terrorists)

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Type of publication

Survey - quantitative research Study - qualitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Civil society organisation


Italy, Vox - Osservatorio Italiano sui diritti, Mappa dell'Intolleranza 4

Main Thematic Focus

Hate speech Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

Muslims Religious minorities

Key findings

The association Vox carries out on a yearly basis a mapping activity of the hate speech contents spread via social networks and online websites. The mapping is carried out with the cooperation some important Italian universities. The resulting maps focus on diverse hate and discrimination grounds. the 2019 version of the intolerance map also includes a specific map of hate speech episodes targeting the Muslim community. the map also reports the most common stereotypes and perceptions of the websites' and social networks' users. According to the map - that mapped 215,377 Tweets with anti-Muslim contents - 35% of the mapped contents propagated the idea that the recent migration inflows from Muslim countries represent a threat to the country's security. 26% firmly believes that the Muslim religion promotes violence. 63% of Christian websites' users believes that the Muslim religion is not compatible with their values; 48% of the Catholics would not accept a Muslim as member of their families. the cities where most of these Tweets were published are Bologna, Turin, Milan and Venice.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

The maps are prepared through an intense automatic mapping activity of on-line tweets containing some selected and senstive keywords. The discrimination grounds that are covered by this activity are the following: women, LGBT, migrants, people with disabilities, Jews and Muslims. the 4th edition of the maps - that is considered here - is the result of a mapping activity carried out during the period March-May 2019.

Sample details and representativeness

215,377 tweets were extracted and analysed during the period March-May 2019 using 76 keywords. Out of these, 151,783 resulted to be negative tweets.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.