Netherlands Netherlands


Omlo, J. and Butter, E. (2020), Utrecht is ook mijn stad!’ Cijfers en verhalen over discriminatie en stigmatisering van moslims in Utrecht. Een verkennende studie, Utrecht, Bureau Omlo, available at:

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Type of publication

Survey - quantitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

NL310 - Utrecht

Type of Institution

Research Institute


Netherlands, Bureau Omlo

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population


Key findings

This study found that 72% of the Muslims respondents living or working in the city of Utrecht experienced discrimination in any point in their lives because of their religion. Muslim discrimination is experienced by two thirds of the Muslim respondents in public space. Furthermore, discrimination is often experienced on the laboor market (52%), on the internet (51%), in shops and on the market (40%), in public transport (32% and in education (24%).

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

This study was conducted by an online questionnaire in which respondents were asked, among other things, for their experiences of discrimination in various domains. The fieldwork was carried out by in the period April- June 2020. Respondents were found by asking various stakeholders (including mosques, migrant organisations) to distribute the link to the questionnaire.

Sample details and representativeness

A convenience sample of 585 respondents living or working in the city of Utrecht. 87% of these respondents identify themselves as Muslims. The sample is not representative because the questionnaire was only available online and was distributed by a number of stakeholders (key persons, migrant organisation and mosques).

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.