Netherlands Netherlands


Andriessen, I., Hoegen Dijkhof, J.L., Van der Torre, A., Van den Berg, E., Pulles, I.,Iedema, J. and De Voogd-Hamelink, M. (2020), Ervaren discriminatie in Nederland II, Den Haag, Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau, available at:

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Type of publication

Survey - quantitative research

Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

Not applicable - national level

Type of Institution

Research Institute


Netherlands, Netherlands Institute for Social Research (Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau)

Main Thematic Focus


Target Population

General population

Key findings

This study concludes that many Muslims in the Netherlands feel they suffer discrimination: 55% of the Muslim respondents indicated they experienced discrimination in 2018. If those who are uncertain whether the incident was discrimination are added to this, the figure rises to 69% of all Muslim respondent. In their experience, the Islamic religion and their ethnic background play the most important role in the discrimination they experienced. The level of discrimination among Muslims is very high compared to the general population. Of all residents in the Netherlands 27% have experienced some form of incident in the past year which they felt was discriminatory.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Perceived discrimination was measured using a structured questionnaire in which respondents were asked for their experiences of discrimination in various domains. Between April and June 2018, a random sample of 35,727 members of the Dutch population aged 15 years and older were approached and asked to participate in the study. The random sample was compiled by Netherlands Statistics. This resulted in 8,536 valid respondents. This is equivalent to a response rate of 24%. Among these respondents are Muslims.

Sample details and representativeness

8,536 respondents of general population (including Muslims)

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.