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Spain, Basque Government (Gobierno Vasco), Report on Hate Situations in Euskadi 2019 (2020) (Informe de Incidentes de Odio de Euskadi 2019), Bilbao, Catedra UNESCO de Derechos Humanos y Poderes Publicos, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU)

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Type of publication


Geographical coverage


Area/location of interest

ES211 - Álava

Type of Institution



Catedra UNESCO de Derechos Humanos y Poderes Publicos. Universidad del País Vasco (Euskal Herriko Universitatea, UPV/EHU)

Main Thematic Focus

Hate crime Incitement to hatred or violence

Target Population

General population

Key findings

During 2019 there were 115 hate incidents in the Basque Country. They were distributed among: 105 are crimes (91.3%) 10 administrative offences (8.7%). By offence: racist or xenophobic offences, account for the majority of recorded crimes: 55 cases- 52.4%, with a figure slightly lower than that of the previous year. Hate speech: 20 cases - 19.05%; crimes against ideology and political orientation: 18 cases - 17.1%; against sexual orientation and identity: 13 cases - 12.4%. Furthermore, the offences based on Functional diversity: 6 cases, religious beliefs and practices: 7 cases, aporophobia: 3 cases and sex: 3 cases made up 18.1% of the recorded crimes. 2019 is the first to include the gender criteria as an independent one.

Methodology (Qualitative/Quantitative and exact type used, questionnaires etc)

Quantitative research.

Sample details and representativeness

This third Euskadi Hate Incident Report corresponds to the period from 1 January to 31 December 2019 and covers both potentially criminal incidents and those that could constitute an administrative offence and which by their nature and circumstances came to the attention of the Basque Police (Ertzaintza). The incidents were recorded in 2019, regardless of whether or not their commission occurred during that year.

DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.