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MS Institution Year TITLE FOCUS GROUPS Key findings - Short summary id
Austria ZARA | Zivilcourage und
Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit
2012 ZARA (Zivilcourage und
Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2012), Racism Report 2012. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna
Racism & xenophobia Migrants

In 2012, the ZARA team documented all together 772 racist incidents. 22% of these incidents concern access to goods and services, 22% the internet, 16% public sphere, 9% employment and entrepreneurship, 8% the police, 7% politics and media, 6% other authorities, 6% smearing and 4% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism-work.

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Austria ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe 2012 ECRI Report, ECRI Conclusions
on the implementation of reommendations in respect of Austria subject to interim follow-up, Adopted on 4 December 2012
Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent & Black Europeans

The Federal Bureau of Anti-Corruption (BAK) and the Central Public Prosecutor’s Office for the prosecution of commercial criminal matters and corruption (WKStA) were established. Both are competent to investigate on abuse of authority comprising racial discrimination. However, in ECRI’s view this is not sufficient because the two bodies are not independent from the police and prosecution service and because there is no indication that victims of discrimination are aware of the two bodies’ competence to investigate alleged discriminatory behaviour, which is not in any way published.

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Austria Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2012 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2012), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht) Hate crime Right-wing extremists

The Annual report notes that in 2012, a total of 377 criminal acts with right-wing extremist, xenophobic/racist or Islamophobic connection have been reported.
Right-wing extremist scenes kept a notably low profile. The right-wing revisionist scene, whose members belong mainly to the older generation, kept mostly to itself and pursued its ideology behind closed doors. The neo-Nazi scene was deprived of its leadership in prison). In the year under review, there was a rise in criminal offences that were not directly linked to right-wing extremism but were committed by members of right-wing extremist groups. Furthermore, in several regions right-wing extremists were observed to have increased contacts with criminal circles and organisations.

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Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Finland, France, Croatia, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, United Kingdom OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 2012 OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting
Bias Against Muslims
Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & asylum seekers

The information collected by ODIHR demonstrates that hate crimes remained a serious and wide-ranging problem in 2012.
The full extent of hate crimes in the OSCE region continues to be obscured by a lack of adequate or reliable data. Although there were improvements to data collection by governments in 2012, it is clear from the information provided to ODIHR that significant gaps in data collection remain a major obstacle to understanding the prevalence and nature of hate crimes within most participating States and across the OSCE as a region. A number of participating States do not collect any statistics on hate crimes. Some participating States collect data, but do not make the data public.

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Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2012 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2012), Making hate crime visible in the European Union: acknowledging victims' rights, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent & Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, LGBTI

The report identified a great degree of variation in how the 27 EU Member States deal with
hate crime. This variation reflects how such criminality is approached, which has a direct effect on how law
enforcement agencies and criminal justice systems handle it. Narrow legal definitions of what constitutes
hate crime, for instance, tend to lead to under-recording of incidents, which translates into low numbers of
prosecutions, thereby affording victims of crime fewer
opportunities to seek redress.
The report has also shown that there are many challenges inherent to recording data on hate crime.

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Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Latvia, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia, United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2012 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2012), Synthesis Report: The Racial Equality Directive: application and challenges, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Discrimination Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities

This report discusses the application of the Racial Equality Directive through the laws and practices in the 27 EU Member States. In doing so it explores the
challenges to the effective realisation of the directive’s goals and in conclusion discusses how such obstacles might be overcome. To the extent possible, the report
outlines how legislation and practices have evolved over time. However, there is often an absence of data
at Member State level and, where data is collected, divergent end-purposes and methodologies impede
direct and precise comparisons. Indicators capable of facilitating more standardised measurements of progress in the realisation of fundamental rights are in a state of

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Austria Muftic, A. 2013 Muftic, A. (2013), Islam in the public agenda. Strategies of verbally opposing Islamophobia (Islam in der öffentlichen Agenda. Strategien des widerständigen Sprechens gegen die Islamophobie), SWS-Rundschau, Vol. 53, No.4, pp. 454-473 Islamophobia General population

A discourse analysis of Islamophobia in Austrian media and public discusses strategies to oppose Islamophobic discourse. According to the author, These are mainly defensive strategies, which are applied by Austrian Islam groups. They are related to the religion itself, like informing people about the rules of Koran and publishing suras. The article also addresses a subversive strategy from Germany, which is applied by "Kanak-attac" - a group of Islam activists.

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Austria ZARA | Zivilcourage und
Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit
2013 ZARA (Civil Courage and Work Against Racism) (Zivilcourage und
Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2013) Racism Report 2013. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna
Racism & xenophobia Migrants

In 2013, ZARA - Civil Courage and Work Against Racism NGO documented all together 731 racist incidents. 19% of these incidents concern goods and services, 20% the internet, 19% public sphere, 7% employment and entrepreneurship, 8% the police, 8% politics and media, 6% other authorities, 8% smearing and 5% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism-work.

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Austria Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2013 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2013), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht), Vienna Hate crime Right-wing extremists

In 2013, a total of 574 criminal acts with right-wing extremist, xenophobic/racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic background were recorded. Right-wing extremist organisations continued to increasingly use the internet for recruitment and radicalisation activities. A movement, which has been active in several Austrian provinces since 2012, focussed its propaganda on the “identity” of its own people, which is to be absolutely preserved and protected against mass immigration and “Islamisation”.
In 2013, this group carried out several active agitations. By means of pop cultural forms of protest (e.g. flash mobs), they tried to attract media attention.

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Austria CEDAW | Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 2013 CEDAW/C/AUT/CO/7-8 (CEDAW, 2013)
Convention on the Elimination of A ll Forms of Discrimination against Women, Concluding observations on the seventh and eighth periodic report s of Austria , adopted by the Committee at its fifty - fourth session (11 February–1 March 2013)
Hate crime, Discrimination Migrants

Relevant key findings as reported by the monitoring body:
"26. The Committee welcomes the State party’s measures to include persons with a migration background in the police force and fight against racial stereotypes and xenophobia. It also commends the State party for recognizing ethnic hatred in its criminal law as an aggravating circumstance. However, the Committee is concerned at the increase of xenophobic violence against migrant women and cases of incitement to hatred and violence, particularly targeting Muslim and/or black women.

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DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.