Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.
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Research findings

MS Institution YEAR TITLE FOCUS GROUPS KEY FINDINGS Read more
Austria Anti-Discrimination Agency Styria | Antidiskriminierungsstelle Steiermark 2017 Nicoletti, I., Starl, K., Europäisches Trainings- und Forschungszentrum für Menschenrechte und Demokratie (2017), Hate crime in Styria. Survey on racist and xenophobia motivated crimes in Styria and recommendations for action (Hate Crime in der Steiermark Erhebung von rassistisch und fremdenfeindlich motivierten Straftaten in der Steiermark und Handlungsempfehlungen), Graz, Antidiskriminierungsstelle Steiermark Hate crime Migrants The study provides information on the frequency of (unreported) hate crimes in Styria. 39% of respondents reported that in the last 12 months they have been insulted or threatened at least once because of their skin colour, religion or origin. 17% have been affected more than three times. 9% have been at least once physically attacked within the last 12 months. Racist and xenophobic offenses most often happen in the public sphere and in public transport. View more
Austria Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria | Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich 2017 Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria (Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich) (2017) , Anti-Muslim Racism Report (Antimuslimischer Rassismusreport 2015), Vienna Hate crime, Hate speech Muslims In 2016, 253 Islam-hatred and anti-Muslim incidents have been reported and documented. In 2015, 156 incidents were documented. This is an increase of 62%. The majority of the attacks and insults happened in the public sphere or the semi-public sphere (62%) and 18% happened in the internet. 31% of all reported incidents were verbal attacks against persons, 30% hate speech and 12% were attacks against Islam institutions. View more
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Germany Denmark Estonia Greece Spain Finland France Croatia Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxembourg Latvia Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Sweden Slovenia Slovakia United Kingdom Eurofound 2017 Eurofound (2017), Religion at work, Eurofound, Dublin. Discrimination Muslims, Migrants This article discusses the issues related to religion in the workplace. An overview of significant cases of dispute between employers and employees is provided, as well as examples of social partners’ initiatives to accommodate the needs of religious people in the workplace. View more
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Germany Denmark Estonia Greece Spain Finland France Croatia Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxembourg Latvia Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Sweden Slovenia Slovakia United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Together in the EU – Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination, Integration & inclusion Migrants, People with migrant background Integrating migrants, refugees and their descendants is of critical importance for the future of the European Union. This report examines Member States’ integration policies and action plans for promoting their participation in society, focusing on non-discrimination, education, employment, language learning and political engagement. View more
Austria Belgium Cyprus Germany Denmark Greece Spain Finland France Italy Malta Netherlands Sweden Slovenia United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey | Main results, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Integration & inclusion Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent and Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, Roma The results show little progress compared to eight years ago, when the first wave of this survey was conducted: the proportions of those experiencing discrimination, as well as physical violence and harassment motivated by hatred, and of those not aware of relevant legislation and possibilities for redress, remain at levels that raise serious concern. Overall, Roma respondents and respondents with Sub-Saharan or North-African backgrounds – and in particular second-generation respondents – experience higher rates of discrimination, harassment and violence motivated by hatred. View more
Austria Belgium Cyprus Germany Denmark Greece Spain Finland France Italy Malta Netherlands Sweden Slovenia United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey Muslims – Selected findings, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Integration & inclusion Muslims, Migrants, Religious minorities The results show that, overall, the majority of firstand second-generation Muslim immigrants surveyed in 15 EU Member States feel attached to the country they live in; trust its institutions – often more so than the general public; and are comfortable interacting with people of different religious or ethnic backgrounds. However, the results show little progress in terms of discrimination and hate crime. Compared to 10 years ago – when the first wave of this survey was conducted – the proportion of Muslim respondents who experience discrimination remains high, especially when looking for work. Hate-motivated physical violence and harassment also persists. View more
Austria Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Germany Denmark Estonia Greece Spain Finland France Croatia Hungary Ireland Italy Lithuania Luxembourg Latvia Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Sweden Slovenia Slovakia United Kingdom FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent and Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, LGBTI Efforts to counter hate crime can only succeed if victims report the wrongs they endure, and the various responsible actors all do their part to ensure that perpetrators are brought to justice. As the report underscores, a variety of factors prevent this from happening. These include weaknesses in the applicable legal frameworks, difficulties in grasping and working with the concept of hate crime, uncertainties as to the concept’s significance and meaning to the organisation in which a  professional works, and risks of institutional discrimination, which can have a devastating impact on the trust of victims and their readiness to report their victimisation. View more
Austria SORA | Institute for Social Research and Consulting 2017 Ogris, G., SORA - Institute for Social Research and Consulting (2017), Refugee accomodation Ziedlergasse. Reactions of residents and measures to improve acceptance (Flüchtlingsunterkunft Ziedlergasse Reaktionen der Bevölkerung und Maßnahmen zur Erhöhung der Akzeptanz), Vienna, Fonds Soziales Wien Integration & inclusion General population Having contact with refugees or having a refugee camp in the neighbourhood improves the acceptance of refugees in Viennese people. Before the establishment of a refugee camp, 44% of residence were against it, after the establishment of the refugee camp, this amount decreased to 14%. 48% out of all respondents (not only those who live close to refugee camps) accept refugees in the neighbourhood and 12% would refuse entry of refugees to the country. View more
Austria Austrian Integration Fund | Österreichischer Integrationsfonds 2017 Filzmaier, P., Perlot, F. Österreichischer Integrationsfonds (2017), Muslim groups in Austria. A comparision of the attitudes of refugees, migrants and Austrian born Muslims (Muslimische Gruppen in Österreich. Einstellungen von Flüchtlingen, ZuwanderInnen und in Österreich geborenen MuslimInnen im Vergleich), ÖIF - Forschungsbericht, Vienna, Österreichischer Integrationsfonds Integration & inclusion Muslims The aim of the study was investigating the attitudes of Muslim persons in Austria to socio-political topics, like the role of the Islam in society, democracy, equality or gender roles. The study analysed similarities and differences between ethnic backgrounds (e.g. have Syrian refugee’s different attitudes than Austrians with a Bosnian migratory background?) There are no or only few gender differences in answering the questions; there are differences along countries of origin: persons from Iran are more tolerant and moderate than persons from Chechenia and Turkey. The authors emphasise that these findings have to be seen as tendencies and not to be taken for granted. View more
Austria Bretschneider, R. and GfK Austria GmbH 2017 Bretschneider, R. and GfK Austria GmbH (2017), Integration and living together. What does Austria think? (Integration und Zusammenleben. Was denkt Österreich?), Vienna, Österreichischer Integrationsfonds Integration & inclusion General population The study is on the perceptions of the general population on integration. Almost all respondents believe that integration is obeying Austrian rules and laws and achieving good German skills. The respondents believe that the following aspects are indicators for bad integration: putting the Islam over the rule of law (90%), no adaption on the Austrian habits (85%), denying gender equality (85%), and bad German skills (81%). Half of respondents worry about the spreading of radical Islam (49%) but only 29% perceive that religious believe is a barrier for integration. 52% believe that migrants only are responsible for integration. View more
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