Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.

Filter the database by

Research findings

MS

Institution

YEAR

TITLE

FOCUS

GROUPS

KEY FINDINGS Read more
AustriaAustria
GermanyGermany
SwedenSweden
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FranceFrance
Bertelsmann Foundation | Bertelsmann Stiftung 2017 Muslims in Europe - Integrated but not accepted? Results and Country Profiles, Bertelsmann Foundation (Bertelsmann Stiftung). Integration & inclusion Muslims The survey includes five countries in their analysis and compares them through individual profiles. The countries are Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and France. This study found that there are several key issues that help towards a successful integration of Muslims. The learning of the German language is key to integration. The early educational system in Germany puts Muslim students at a disadvantage. Germany's labour market is an important example of integration of Muslims through participating in working life. Muslims also feel closely connected to the country they live in. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
ENAR | European Network Against Racism 2016 Racism and Discrimintion in the Context of Migration in Europe, ENAR Shadow Report 2015-2016, European Network Against Racism (ENAR) in Brussels Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination, Hate crime, Integration & inclusion Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities The ENAR report stresses that the increase in migrants entering Europe during the period 2015/2016 has revealed a crisis in the policies and practices of the EU and many EU Member States. The state of crisis has enabled policy makers to justify policy decisions that have been somewhat exclusionary and at times resulted in the discrimination of non-white migrants. Short-term policy making to manage migration has seen walls and fences built, the lowering of humanitarian standards and extreme security measures; all the more possible in response to this so-called crisis. View more
AustriaAustria
Bretschneider, R. and GfK Austria GmbH 2017 Bretschneider, R. and GfK Austria GmbH (2017), Integration and living together. What does Austria think? (Integration und Zusammenleben. Was denkt Österreich?), Vienna, Österreichischer Integrationsfonds Integration & inclusion General population The study is on the perceptions of the general population on integration. Almost all respondents believe that integration is obeying Austrian rules and laws and achieving good German skills. The respondents believe that the following aspects are indicators for bad integration: putting the Islam over the rule of law (90%), no adaption on the Austrian habits (85%), denying gender equality (85%), and bad German skills (81%). Half of respondents worry about the spreading of radical Islam (49%) but only 29% perceive that religious believe is a barrier for integration. 52% believe that migrants only are responsible for integration. View more
AustriaAustria
Austrian Integration Fund | Österreichischer Integrationsfonds 2017 Filzmaier, P., Perlot, F. Österreichischer Integrationsfonds (2017), Muslim groups in Austria. A comparision of the attitudes of refugees, migrants and Austrian born Muslims (Muslimische Gruppen in Österreich. Einstellungen von Flüchtlingen, ZuwanderInnen und in Österreich geborenen MuslimInnen im Vergleich), ÖIF - Forschungsbericht, Vienna, Österreichischer Integrationsfonds Integration & inclusion Muslims The aim of the study was investigating the attitudes of Muslim persons in Austria to socio-political topics, like the role of the Islam in society, democracy, equality or gender roles. The study analysed similarities and differences between ethnic backgrounds (e.g. have Syrian refugee’s different attitudes than Austrians with a Bosnian migratory background?) There are no or only few gender differences in answering the questions; there are differences along countries of origin: persons from Iran are more tolerant and moderate than persons from Chechenia and Turkey. The authors emphasise that these findings have to be seen as tendencies and not to be taken for granted. View more
AustriaAustria
SORA | Institute for Social Research and Consulting 2017 Ogris, G., SORA - Institute for Social Research and Consulting (2017), Refugee accomodation Ziedlergasse. Reactions of residents and measures to improve acceptance (Flüchtlingsunterkunft Ziedlergasse Reaktionen der Bevölkerung und Maßnahmen zur Erhöhung der Akzeptanz), Vienna, Fonds Soziales Wien Integration & inclusion General population Having contact with refugees or having a refugee camp in the neighbourhood improves the acceptance of refugees in Viennese people. Before the establishment of a refugee camp, 44% of residence were against it, after the establishment of the refugee camp, this amount decreased to 14%. 48% out of all respondents (not only those who live close to refugee camps) accept refugees in the neighbourhood and 12% would refuse entry of refugees to the country. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Ensuring justice for hate crime victims: professional perspectives - Summary, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent and Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, LGBTI Efforts to counter hate crime can only succeed if victims report the wrongs they endure, and the various responsible actors all do their part to ensure that perpetrators are brought to justice. As the report underscores, a variety of factors prevent this from happening. These include weaknesses in the applicable legal frameworks, difficulties in grasping and working with the concept of hate crime, uncertainties as to the concept’s significance and meaning to the organisation in which a  professional works, and risks of institutional discrimination, which can have a devastating impact on the trust of victims and their readiness to report their victimisation. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
CyprusCyprus
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
ItalyItaly
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey Muslims – Selected findings, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Integration & inclusion Muslims, Migrants, Religious minorities The results show that, overall, the majority of firstand second-generation Muslim immigrants surveyed in 15 EU Member States feel attached to the country they live in; trust its institutions – often more so than the general public; and are comfortable interacting with people of different religious or ethnic backgrounds. However, the results show little progress in terms of discrimination and hate crime. Compared to 10 years ago – when the first wave of this survey was conducted – the proportion of Muslim respondents who experience discrimination remains high, especially when looking for work. Hate-motivated physical violence and harassment also persists. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
CyprusCyprus
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
ItalyItaly
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey | Main results, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Integration & inclusion Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent and Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, Roma The results show little progress compared to eight years ago, when the first wave of this survey was conducted: the proportions of those experiencing discrimination, as well as physical violence and harassment motivated by hatred, and of those not aware of relevant legislation and possibilities for redress, remain at levels that raise serious concern. Overall, Roma respondents and respondents with Sub-Saharan or North-African backgrounds – and in particular second-generation respondents – experience higher rates of discrimination, harassment and violence motivated by hatred. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2017 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2017), Together in the EU – Promoting the participation of migrants and their descendants, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination, Integration & inclusion Migrants, People with migrant background Integrating migrants, refugees and their descendants is of critical importance for the future of the European Union. This report examines Member States’ integration policies and action plans for promoting their participation in society, focusing on non-discrimination, education, employment, language learning and political engagement. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
Eurofound 2017 Eurofound (2017), Religion at work, Eurofound, Dublin. Discrimination Muslims, Migrants This article discusses the issues related to religion in the workplace. An overview of significant cases of dispute between employers and employees is provided, as well as examples of social partners’ initiatives to accommodate the needs of religious people in the workplace. View more
CSVPDFPDFCSV