Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.

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AustriaAustria
Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria | Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich 2017 Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria (Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich) (2017) , Anti-Muslim Racism Report (Antimuslimischer Rassismusreport 2015), Vienna Hate crime, Hate speech Muslims In 2016, 253 Islam-hatred and anti-Muslim incidents have been reported and documented. In 2015, 156 incidents were documented. This is an increase of 62%. The majority of the attacks and insults happened in the public sphere or the semi-public sphere (62%) and 18% happened in the internet. 31% of all reported incidents were verbal attacks against persons, 30% hate speech and 12% were attacks against Islam institutions. View more
AustriaAustria
Anti-Discrimination Agency Styria | Antidiskriminierungsstelle Steiermark 2017 Nicoletti, I., Starl, K., Europäisches Trainings- und Forschungszentrum für Menschenrechte und Demokratie (2017), Hate crime in Styria. Survey on racist and xenophobia motivated crimes in Styria and recommendations for action (Hate Crime in der Steiermark Erhebung von rassistisch und fremdenfeindlich motivierten Straftaten in der Steiermark und Handlungsempfehlungen), Graz, Antidiskriminierungsstelle Steiermark Hate crime Migrants The study provides information on the frequency of (unreported) hate crimes in Styria. 39% of respondents reported that in the last 12 months they have been insulted or threatened at least once because of their skin colour, religion or origin. 17% have been affected more than three times. 9% have been at least once physically attacked within the last 12 months. Racist and xenophobic offenses most often happen in the public sphere and in public transport. View more
AustriaAustria
Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria | Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich 2016 Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria (Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich) (2016) , Anti-Muslim Racism Report (Antimuslimischer Rassismusreport 2015), Vienna Hate crime Muslims In 2015, 156 incidents were documented. Women, wearing a headscarf, are with 95% of victims over proportionally affected by anti-Muslim insults and attacks. The majority of the attacks and insults happened in the public sphere or the semi-public sphere (52%), 19% of incidents happened in Muslim facilities, 7% in the internet and the rest happened at the workplace or educational facilities. The majority of incidents were reported at the documentation centre through the internet (via e-mail and social media). 40% of all reported incidents are verbal attacks, 14% were threats against Islamic institutions, 13% are hate speech cases and 12% are reported incidents of physical attacks against persons. View more
AustriaAustria
BulgariaBulgaria
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
HungaryHungary
ItalyItaly
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
SwedenSweden
SlovakiaSlovakia
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2016 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2016), Current migration situation in the EU: hate crime - November 2016, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities Main findings: -Violent acts targeting asylum seekers, migrants and persons with ethnic minority backgrounds – including killings, threats and intimidation – are committed in a number of Member States. -Evidence indicates that racist and xenophobic violence is committed by a variety of offenders, including people stemming from the general population and members of vigilante groups. -State authorities’ responses to hate crime against asylum seekers and migrants are perceived as weak by civil society in many Member States. In some cases, political actors welcomed the activities of vigilante groups. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
Eurostat | European Commission 2016 Special Eurobarometer 452, Media pluralism and democracy, Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication Hate speech General population A large majority of those who follow or participate in debates has heard, read, seen or themselves experienced cases where abuse, hate speech or threats are directed at journalists/bloggers/people active on social media (75%). Just over one in ten (14%) say they have experienced this very often, while 40% have experienced it sometimes. Just over one in five (21%) say they have rarely experienced this kind of abuse. Just under a quarter of this group of respondents say they have never heard, read, seen or experienced this (24%). View more
AustriaAustria
ZARA | Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit 2016 ZARA (Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2016) Racism Report 2016. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna Racism & xenophobia Migrants In 2016, ZARA documented all together 1,107 racist incidents. 16% of these incidents concern access to goods and services, 31% the internet, 20% public sphere, 8% employment and entrepreneurship, 6% the police, 9% politics and media, 4% other authorities, 6% smearing and 5% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism-work. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
Eurostat | European Commission 2016 Standard Eurobarometer 86, Public opinion in the European Union, Survey requested and co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication Public perceptions and attitudes Migrants The immigration of people from other EU Member States continues to evoke a positive feeling for a large majority of Europeans (61%), after a 3-point increase since spring 2016. This response has gained ten percentage points since spring 2015 (from 51% up to 61%), and has now reached a record high. However, it evokes a negative feeling for a third of EU citizens (33%, -2 percentage points since spring 2016, -8 since autumn 2014). View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2016 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2016), Incitement in media content and political discourse in Member States of the European Union, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate speech, Incitement to hatred or violence Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, Refugees & Asylum seekers Media content and political discourse in EU Member States, whether online or offline, show incitement to discrimination, hatred or violence on different grounds, as evidence collected by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) reveals. The growing reliance on the internet as the main source of information for many enables the fast spread of often unverified statements that could also incite to hatred. This FRA contribution to the second Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights provides a snapshot of manifestations of incitement in media content and political discourse against different groups in EU Member States. It outlines the European and international legal framework governing such cases, substantiated by relevant case law examples. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 2016 OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting Bias Against Muslims Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & Asylum seekers The 2016 data include information on 44 participating States, including disaggregated official hate crime statistics for 18 countries and a detailed overview of how 34 participating States process and record hate crimes. We changed how official data is presented and users can now download official data. This is complemented by hate incidents in 48 participating States as reported by 125 civil society groups, the UNHRC and OSCE field operations. Incident information can also be downloaded. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2016 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2015), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht), Vienna Racism & xenophobia Right-wing extremists According to the Ministry report, the right-wing extremist scene increasingly devote considerable amounts of resources to their movements. In 2016, the Austrian security authorities registered a total of 1,313 right-wing extremist, xenophobic/ racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic as well as unspecific or other criminal acts. Compared to 2015 (1,156 offences) there was an increase by 13.6 percent. View more
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