The survey includes five countries in their analysis and compares them through individual profiles. The countries are Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and France.
This study found that there are several key issues that help towards a successful integration of Muslims. The learning of the German language is key to integration. The early educational system in Germany puts Muslim students at a disadvantage. Germany's labour market is an important example of integration of Muslims through participating in working life. Muslims also feel closely connected to the country they live in.
67% of respondents feel that there are too many migrants in Belgian society; 21% disagree and 12% have mixed feelings.
66% of respondents feel invaded, 19% do not and 15% have mixed feelings.
40% of respondents feel that Catholicism is tolerant, 46% is rather tolerant, 9% is rather intolerant and 5% is intolerant.
13% of respondents feel that Judaism is tolerant, 49% is rather tolerant, 26% is rather intolerant and 12% is intolerant
9% of respondents feel that Islam is tolerant, 17% is rather tolerant, 36% is rather intolerant, 40% is intolerant
60% of respondents feel that the presence of a Muslim community in Belgium is a menace for our country, 13% feel that it is a factor of cultural enrichment, and 27% feel neither one nor the other.
Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination
Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, Religious minorities
In this report, UNIA makes a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness of the federal anti-discrimination and anti-racism laws. The analysis is done on the basis of the reports received, the cases handled, judicial procedures and others. In this evaluation report, UNIA also makes 27 recommendations to improve the effectiveness of those laws.
The report is the annual human rights report issued by the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee (BHC) (Български хелзинкски комитет, БХК). Based on the findings of other reports and studies, media publications and decisions of public bodies, the report concludes that the use of hate speech is increasing and is often tolerated and even praised. According to the report, the media often give the floor to racist, xenophobic and homophobic activists, while the law enforcement bodies fail to timely and effectively investigate and prosecute hate crime.
Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People with migrant background, Refugees & Asylum seekers
ECRI notes that the situation for asylum seekers and refugees has not improved since 2013 and that organised anti-migrant protests have sparked tensions between local residents and refugees. For example, in November 2016, riots broke out in the refugee reception centre in the town of Harmanli when quarantine measures were put in place, reportedly to stop the spread of infectious diseases following complaints from locals. In view of the high levels of intolerance for asylum seekers and refugees in Bulgaria, it calls upon the authorities to take urgent action.
The report found there was a lack of accountability of perpetrators of racist stereotypes and hate speech in the public sphere, as right wing extremists and neo-Nazis were using violence against migrants and Turkish Cypriots due to insufficient legislation and enforcement. It further criticised the lack of data on court cases where the CERD and the Framework Decision on Racism and Xenophobia were invoked, the gaps in legislation flagged in the previous reporting rounds and the fact that the Ombudsman cannot appoint his or her own staff and lacks the financial and human resources necessary to impartially and effectively carry out its mandate.
The report found that profile analysis by law enforcement agencies, often manifested in ‘stop-and-search’ police practices, is permitted when it relies on a person’s conduct but is unlawful if it relies entirely on one’s ethnic, racial or religious characteristics. Using as case studies two different instances of racial profiling of migrants by the police which evidently relied on the person’s skin colour or migrant background, the report concluded that such profile analysis infringes both the Racial Equality Directive and the Framework Decision on Racism and Xenophobia.
64% of respondents to the survey believe that the arrival of new immigrants to the Czech Republic is a problem. When asked whether citizens of other countries who have recently arrived to the Czech Republic represent a problem specifically at the respondents' place of residence, only 25% answered yes. 67% agreed with the statement that foreign nationals who have settled in the country in the long term are responsible for the rise in criminality.
According to 39% of respondents there are too many foreign nationals living in the country, while 50% think that the number of foreign nationals living in the Czech Republic is adequate. 78% believe that foreign nationals should live in the country only under certain circumstances. Approximately 10% of respondents do not agree with accepting foreign nationals in the country under any circumstances.
DISCLAIMERThe information presented here is collected under contract by the FRA's research network FRANET. The information and views contained do not necessarily reflect the views or the official position of the FRA.