Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.

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AustriaAustria
CEDAW | Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women 2013 CEDAW/C/AUT/CO/7-8 (CEDAW, 2013) Convention on the Elimination of A ll Forms of Discrimination against Women, Concluding observations on the seventh and eighth periodic report s of Austria , adopted by the Committee at its fifty - fourth session (11 February–1 March 2013) Hate crime, Discrimination Migrants Relevant key findings as reported by the monitoring body: "26. The Committee welcomes the State party’s measures to include persons with a migration background in the police force and fight against racial stereotypes and xenophobia. It also commends the State party for recognizing ethnic hatred in its criminal law as an aggravating circumstance. However, the Committee is concerned at the increase of xenophobic violence against migrant women and cases of incitement to hatred and violence, particularly targeting Muslim and/or black women. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 2013 OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting Bias Against Muslims Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & asylum seekers The information ODIHR gathers is provided by governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and international organizations. The data demonstrate clearly that hate crimes remained a pervasive and important challenge in 2013. Thirty-six participating States submitted information to ODIHR for 2013. Information from 109 NGOs covers incidents for 45 countries. Data are based on information was received from OSCE field operations, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). View more
AustriaAustria
ZARA | Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit 2014 ZARA (Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2014) Racism Report 2014. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna, Racism & xenophobia Migrants In 2014, ZARA documented all together 794 racist incidents. 19% of these incidents concern access to goods and services, 17% the internet, 20% public sphere, 8% employment and entrepreneurship, 7% the police, 8% politics and media, 6% other authorities, 8% smearing and 7% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism-work. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2014 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2014), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht), Vienna Hate crime Right-wing extremists In 2014, the Austrian security authorities registered a total of 750 right-wing extremist, xenophobic/racist, Islamophobic, or other criminal acts. In connection with the criminal offences mentioned, 1,201 offences were reported in Austria in 2014. Compared to 2013, in 2014 the activities of an Islamophobic movement consisting of younger neo-Nazis and persons coming from student and fraternity environments significantly increased. In its propaganda this movement focussed on the “identity of its own people”. Their declar4ed intention is to protect the respective country, if not “Europe as a whole“, against “Islamisation“ and mass immigration. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 2014 OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting Bias Against Muslims Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & asylum seekers Forty-three participating States submitted hate crime information for 2014, 17 of which provided detailed statistics in accordance with the bias motivations on which ODIHR reports. In addition, 122 civil society groups have submitted information on incidents in 46 countries. This information is supplemented by data submitted by seven OSCE field operations, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). While the general level of reporting to ODIHR remains comparable to previous years, limited data on some bias motivations continue to indicate under-reporting and gaps in recording hate crime. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2014 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Compendium of practices for combating hate crime, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People of African descent & Black Europeans, Religious minorities, People with migrant background, LGBTI In response to the Council conclusions on combating hate crime in the European Union, which invited EU Member States to take appropriate measures for increasing the reporting of hate crimes by victims, FRA established the Working Party on Improving Reporting and Recording of Hate Crime in the EU. The Working Party brings together all 28 EU Member States as well as the European Commission, the Council of Europe’s Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the OSCE’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) and FRA. View more
AustriaAustria
Prenner, S. 2015 Prenner, S., Marketagent.com - Digitale Markt- und Meinungsforschung (2015), Refugee Report. Österreich zwischen Hilfsbereitschaft und Fremdenfeindlichkeit, Wien, Racism & xenophobia General population Eight out of ten respondents are worried about the current influx of refugees. 87% perceive the distribution of refugees in Europe as unfair. 66% of the respondents aged between 60 and 69 and 38% of the respondents aged between 14 and 19 fear that the refugee-influx situation leads to an increased Islamisation. 19% would have a positive attitude towards a refugee camp in their neighbourhood and 45% would have a negative attitude towards it. The Freedom Party is first ranking when it comes to the question which party is the best to develop a suitable concept in dealing with refugees (24% selected this party). 41% are strongly in favour of border controls in Austria. 46% of all respondents are in favour of stronger controls and deleting of xenophobic postings in social media View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Magistratsabteilung 2015 Scheitz, T., Schnell, P., Nik Nafs, C., Güngör, K., Riffer, F. Think difference - Büro für Gesellschaft, Organisation und Entwicklung (2015), Adolescents in open youth work. Identities, life situations and devaluating attitudes (Jugendliche in der offenen Jugendarbeit. Identitäten, Lebenslagen und abwertende Einstellungen),Vienna, Magistratsabteilung 13 der Stadt Wien Public perceptions & attitudes General population The majority of the respondents do report either no or less experiences of discrimination. However, devaluing of religious belief has been reported frequently by the respondents. Furthermore, the reported fear that the religion is devalued are great among the respondents. View more
AustriaAustria
ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe 2015 ECRI Report,(fifth monitoring cycle). Published on 13 October 2015 Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination, Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, People with migrant background The Austrian Police reports on hate crime referring to the statistics in the report on the Protection of the Constitution. In 2013, 574 acts committed with bias motivations were recorded (2012:519). 10.6% of these were classified as racist motivations were recorded (2012: 519). 10.6% of these were classified as racist and xenophobic (2012: 11.4%), 6.5% as anti-Semitic (2012: 5.2%), 2.1% as Islampohobic (2012: 0.8%), and 64.6% as right-wing extremist (2012: 56.4%). Experts and civil society consider that hate speech is generally under-reported. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Meinungsraum Institut 2015 Meinungsraum Institut (2015), Stocktaking the tolerance limit of Austrians (Die Toleranzgrenze der Österreicherinnen und Österreicher – eine Bestandsaufnahme) Vienna, Mauthausen Komitee Österreichf Public perceptions & attitudes General population The tolerance towards different ethnic origins is high: 82 percent of respondents have no problem being treated by a Black dentist, 79% have no problem being treated by a Turkish doctor in hospital. These high tolerance-rates are also true for those older than 60 years. Howver, tolerance related to religion is the lowest recorded in the survey: 65% perceive it problematic if a family member would convert to Islam, 64% would have a problem with a Mosque in the neighbourhood but only 42% would have a problem with a Buddhist centre in the neighbourhood. Women are more tolerant than men, particularly men in occupational age are less tolerant than the average. View more
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