Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.

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Research findings

MS Institution YEAR TITLE FOCUS GROUPS KEY FINDINGS Read more
AustriaGermanySwedenUnited KingdomFrance Bertelsmann Foundation | Bertelsmann Stiftung 2017 Muslims in Europe - Integrated but not accepted? Results and Country Profiles, Bertelsmann Foundation (Bertelsmann Stiftung). Integration & inclusion Muslims The survey includes five countries in their analysis and compares them through individual profiles. The countries are Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and France. This study found that there are several key issues that help towards a successful integration of Muslims. The learning of the German language is key to integration. The early educational system in Germany puts Muslim students at a disadvantage. Germany's labour market is an important example of integration of Muslims through participating in working life. Muslims also feel closely connected to the country they live in. View more
Belgium R.T.B.F 2017 R.T.B.F, Le Soir, Survey on perception of Islam and migrants (Sondage sur la perception de l'Islam et des personnes issues de l'immigration), January 2017 Public perceptions and attitudes General population 67% of respondents feel that there are too many migrants in Belgian society; 21% disagree and 12% have mixed feelings. 66% of respondents feel invaded, 19% do not and 15% have mixed feelings. 40% of respondents feel that Catholicism is tolerant, 46% is rather tolerant, 9% is rather intolerant and 5% is intolerant. 13% of respondents feel that Judaism is tolerant, 49% is rather tolerant, 26% is rather intolerant and 12% is intolerant 9% of respondents feel that Islam is tolerant, 17% is rather tolerant, 36% is rather intolerant, 40% is intolerant 60% of respondents feel that the presence of a Muslim community in Belgium is a menace for our country, 13% feel that it is a factor of cultural enrichment, and 27% feel neither one nor the other. View more
Belgium MRAX | Mouvement contre le racisme, l'antisémitisme et la xénophobie 2017 UNIA, Evaluation report of the anti-discrimination and anti-racism laws (Rapport d'evaluation des lois anti-discrimination et anti-racisme), February 2017 Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, Religious minorities In this report, UNIA makes a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness of the federal anti-discrimination and anti-racism laws. The analysis is done on the basis of the reports received, the cases handled, judicial procedures and others. In this evaluation report, UNIA also makes 27 recommendations to improve the effectiveness of those laws. View more
Belgium UNIA 2017 UNIA, Discrimination towards persons of subsaharian origin: a colonial past that leaves marks (Discrimination envers les personnes d'origine subsaharienne: un passé colonial qui laisse des traces), May 2017 Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination People of African descent and Black Europeans This study report is aimed at better understanding the reality of racism targeted towards people of sub-Saharan origin, The study is based on concrete cases of racism which UNIA dealt with. View more
Bulgaria Bulgarian Helsinki Committee | Български хелзинкски комитет 2017 Bulgarian Helsinki Committee (Български хелзинкски комитет) (2017), Human rights in Bulgaria in 2016 (Правата на човека в България през 2016 г.), Sofia, Bulgarian Helsinki Committee Hate speech Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & Asylum seekers, Ethnic minorities The report is the annual human rights report issued by the Bulgarian Helsinki Committee (BHC) (Български хелзинкски комитет, БХК). Based on the findings of other reports and studies, media publications and decisions of public bodies, the report concludes that the use of hate speech is increasing and is often tolerated and even praised. According to the report, the media often give the floor to racist, xenophobic and homophobic activists, while the law enforcement bodies fail to timely and effectively investigate and prosecute hate crime. View more
Bulgaria ECRI | European Commission against Racism and Intolerance | Council of Europe 2017 ECRI Report, ECRI Conclusions on the implementation of the recommendations in respect of BULGARIA subject to interim follow-up, Adopted on 23 March 2017 Racism & xenophobia, Discrimination Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities, People with migrant background, Refugees & Asylum seekers ECRI notes that the situation for asylum seekers and refugees has not improved since 2013 and that organised anti-migrant protests have sparked tensions between local residents and refugees. For example, in November 2016, riots broke out in the refugee reception centre in the town of Harmanli when quarantine measures were put in place, reportedly to stop the spread of infectious diseases following complaints from locals. In view of the high levels of intolerance for asylum seekers and refugees in Bulgaria, it calls upon the authorities to take urgent action. View more
Cyprus CERD | Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2017 Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Concluding observations on the twenty-third and twenty- fourth periodic reports of Cyprus Racism & xenophobia, Hate speech, Discrimination Muslims, Ethnic minorities The report found there was a lack of accountability of perpetrators of racist stereotypes and hate speech in the public sphere, as right wing extremists and neo-Nazis were using violence against migrants and Turkish Cypriots due to insufficient legislation and enforcement. It further criticised the lack of data on court cases where the CERD and the Framework Decision on Racism and Xenophobia were invoked, the gaps in legislation flagged in the previous reporting rounds and the fact that the Ombudsman cannot appoint his or her own staff and lacks the financial and human resources necessary to impartially and effectively carry out its mandate. View more
Cyprus Cyprus, Anti-discrimination Authority 2017 Anti-discrimination authority (2017) report regarding the action of the police on the basis of ethnic profiling (Έκθεση Αρχής κατά των διακρίσεων αναφορικά με τη Δράση της Αστυνομίας στη Βάση Εθνοτικό Προφίλ), Ref. A.K.R. 21/2013, 31 January 2017 Ethnic profiling Migrants, People with migrant background The report found that profile analysis by law enforcement agencies, often manifested in ‘stop-and-search’ police practices, is permitted when it relies on a person’s conduct but is unlawful if it relies entirely on one’s ethnic, racial or religious characteristics. Using as case studies two different instances of racial profiling of migrants by the police which evidently relied on the person’s skin colour or migrant background, the report concluded that such profile analysis infringes both the Racial Equality Directive and the Framework Decision on Racism and Xenophobia. View more
Czech Republic Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences | Centrum pro výzkum veřejného mínění, Sociologický ústav AV ČR | Public Opinion Research Center 2017 Public Opinion Research Center, Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Centrum pro výzkum veřejného mínění, Sociologický ústav AV ČR). The Attitudes of the Czech Public to Foreigners - March 2017 (Postoje české veřejnosti k cizincům – březen 2017). Racism & xenophobia General population 64% of respondents to the survey believe that the arrival of new immigrants to the Czech Republic is a problem. When asked whether citizens of other countries who have recently arrived to the Czech Republic represent a problem specifically at the respondents' place of residence, only 25% answered yes. 67% agreed with the statement that foreign nationals who have settled in the country in the long term are responsible for the rise in criminality. View more
Czech Republic Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences | Centrum pro výzkum veřejného mínění, Sociologický ústav AV ČR | Public Opinion Research Center 2017 Public Opinion Research Center, Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences (Centrum pro výzkum veřejného mínění, Sociologický ústav AV ČR). The Opinions of the Public on the Settlement of Foreigners - March 2017 (Názory veřejnosti na usazování cizinců v ČR – březen 2017) Racism & xenophobia General population According to 39% of respondents there are too many foreign nationals living in the country, while 50% think that the number of foreign nationals living in the Czech Republic is adequate. 78% believe that foreign nationals should live in the country only under certain circumstances. Approximately 10% of respondents do not agree with accepting foreign nationals in the country under any circumstances. View more
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