Research findings

This database section allows to search for EU, national and regional or local level research and studies, including surveys and polls about hate speech, hate crime and discrimination against Muslims.

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AustriaAustria
Seidl, C. 2015 Seidl, C. (2015), Every second perceives Islam as danger for the culture of Austria (Jeder Zweite sieht Islam als Gefahr für Österreichs Kultur), Linzer Market-Institut im Auftrag des STANDARD, 9 January 2015 Public perceptions & attitudes General population Half of the Austrian eligible voters state that they do not know a lot about the Islam. Older respondents and voters of the Socio-democratic and the Green Party are more likely to confess that they do know too less about Islam than respondents under 30 and voters of right wing parties. Half of the respondents assume that the Islam wants to change the Austrian society. Also half of the respondents agree that the Islam constitutes a risk for the Austrian society. 45% believe that the Islam has too much influence in Austria. This share is larger among supporters of right-wing parties. 65% of respondents believe that the way how Muslims dress and behave annoys most of the Austrians. View more
AustriaAustria
ZARA | Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit 2015 ZARA (Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2015) Racism Report 2015. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna Racism & xenophobia Migrants In 2015, ZARA documented all together 927 racist incidents. 15% of these incidents concern access to goods and services, 20% the internet, 22% public sphere, 4% employment and entrepreneurship, 6% the police, 13% politics and media, 5% other authorities, 8% smearing and 7% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism advocates and human rights defenders. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2015 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2015), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht), Vienna Hate crime Right-wing extremists In 2015, the Austrian security authorities registered a total of 1,156 right-wing extremist, xenophobic/ racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic as well as unspecific or other criminal acts. Compared to 2014 (750 offences) 1,156 offences means that the number increased by about 54.1 percent. In 2015, the phenomenon of right-wing extremism appeared in the form of „xenophobia and hostility to asylum seekers“. The active movements in Austria launch Islamophobic campaigns and campaigns hostile towards asylum within the Austrian general and towards support structures for refugees. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CroatiaCroatia
CzechiaCzechia
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
GermanyGermany
GreeceGreece
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LatviaLatvia
LithuaniaLithuania
North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
SerbiaSerbia
SlovakiaSlovakia
SloveniaSlovenia
SpainSpain
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
SETA | Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Reasearch 2015 Enes Bayrakli-Farid Hafez(Eds), European Islamophobia Report, SETA Foundation Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia, Islamophobia, Religious freedom, Hate speech Muslims The European Islamophobia Report provides an EU wide and a country-by-country annual monitoring of Islamophobia in Europe. According to the 2015 report's central findings: "That Islamophobia works without Muslims and tells us more about the anti-Muslim racists than it tells us about Islam and Muslims, can best be seen in the eastern region of Europe. In countries like Hungary, Finland, Lithuania, or Latvia, where only a View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
FRA | European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights 2015 European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (2015), Promoting respect and diversity - Combating intolerance and hate (Contribution to the Annual Colloquium on Fundamental Rights), European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights, Vienna. Hate speech, Hate crime Muslims, Migrants, Ethnic minorities -Evidence collected by FRA shows that racism, xenophobia and related intolerance are widespread, despite measures taken by government and civil society across the EU -The social and political climate is growing ever more tolerant of extremist, racist and xenophobic agendas that exploit fears about youth unemployment and security in the face of terrorism and other geopolitical challenges. -Overall, this situation has a negative impact on social cohesion, as well as on respect for fundamental rights -Political action is necessary to ensure full implementation of the EU’s existing legal framework in order to afford effective protection from discrimination and hate. View more
AustriaAustria
BelgiumBelgium
BulgariaBulgaria
CyprusCyprus
CzechiaCzechia
GermanyGermany
DenmarkDenmark
EstoniaEstonia
GreeceGreece
SpainSpain
FinlandFinland
FranceFrance
CroatiaCroatia
HungaryHungary
IrelandIreland
ItalyItaly
LithuaniaLithuania
LuxembourgLuxembourg
LatviaLatvia
MaltaMalta
NetherlandsNetherlands
PolandPoland
PortugalPortugal
RomaniaRomania
SwedenSweden
SloveniaSlovenia
SlovakiaSlovakia
United KingdomUnited Kingdom
OSCE/ODIHR | Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe / Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights 2015 OSCE/ODIHR Hate Crime Reporting Bias Against Muslims Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence, Racism & xenophobia Muslims, Migrants, Refugees & asylum seekers Forty-one participating States have submitted hate crime information to ODIHR, 17 of which provided detailed statistics in accordance with the bias motivations on which ODIHR reports. One hundred eleven civil society groups have submitted information on 5,357 incidents, covering 41 participating States, which includes 4,197 incidents that were disaggregated by type of incident and bias motivation. This information is supplemented by data provided by IOM, UNHCR and OSCE missions covering 35 countries. While the general level of reporting to ODIHR remains comparable to previous years, limited data on some bias motives continue to indicate under-reporting and gaps in recording hate crime. View more
AustriaAustria
Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria | Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich 2016 Documentation centre for Moslems in Austria (Dokustelle für Muslime in Österreich) (2016) , Anti-Muslim Racism Report (Antimuslimischer Rassismusreport 2015), Vienna Hate crime Muslims In 2015, 156 incidents were documented. Women, wearing a headscarf, are with 95% of victims over proportionally affected by anti-Muslim insults and attacks. The majority of the attacks and insults happened in the public sphere or the semi-public sphere (52%), 19% of incidents happened in Muslim facilities, 7% in the internet and the rest happened at the workplace or educational facilities. The majority of incidents were reported at the documentation centre through the internet (via e-mail and social media). 40% of all reported incidents are verbal attacks, 14% were threats against Islamic institutions, 13% are hate speech cases and 12% are reported incidents of physical attacks against persons. View more
AustriaAustria
ZARA | Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit 2016 ZARA (Zivilcourage und Anti-Rassismus-Arbeit) (2016) Racism Report 2016. Individual case report about racist attacks and structures in Austria, Vienna Racism & xenophobia Migrants In 2016, ZARA documented all together 1,107 racist incidents. 16% of these incidents concern access to goods and services, 31% the internet, 20% public sphere, 8% employment and entrepreneurship, 6% the police, 9% politics and media, 4% other authorities, 6% smearing and 5% of these incidents concern attacks against anti-racism-work. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2016 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2015), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht), Vienna Racism & xenophobia Right-wing extremists According to the Ministry report, the right-wing extremist scene increasingly devote considerable amounts of resources to their movements. In 2016, the Austrian security authorities registered a total of 1,313 right-wing extremist, xenophobic/ racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic as well as unspecific or other criminal acts. Compared to 2015 (1,156 offences) there was an increase by 13.6 percent. View more
AustriaAustria
Austria, Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism | Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung 2016 Federal Ministry of the Interior, Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution and Counterterrorism (Bundesministerium für Inneres, Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung) (2017), Annual Report on the Protection of the Constitution (Verfassungsschutzbericht 2016) Hate crime, Incitement to hatred or violence Right-wing extremists In 2016, the Austrian security authorities registered a total of 1,313 right-wing extremist, xenophobic/ racist, Islamophobic, anti-Semitic as well as unspecific or other criminal acts. 61.3 percent, were successfully solved. Movements, networks and alliances of the New Right continued their campaign activities in 2016. The nourishing ground they can currently build on is an open xenophobia and hostility to asylum seekers and the continuation of Islamophobic aggression. View more
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