eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 11 - Freedom of expression and information

Article 11 - Freedom of expression and information

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers.
2. The freedom and pluralism of the media shall be respected.

 

  • Text:

    1. Article 11 corresponds to Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which reads as follows:

    "1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.

    2. The exercise of these freedoms, since it carries with it duties and responsibilities, may be subject to such formalities, conditions, restrictions or penalties as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, territorial integrity or public safety, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, for the protection of the reputation or rights of others, for preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence, or for maintaining the authority and impartiality of the judiciary."

    Pursuant to Article 52(3) of the Charter, the meaning and scope of this right are the same as those guaranteed by the ECHR. The limitations which may be imposed on it may therefore not exceed those provided for in Article 10(2) of the Convention, without prejudice to any restrictions which Community competition law may impose on Member States' right to introduce the licensing arrangements referred to in the third sentence of Article 10(1) of the ECHR.

    2. Paragraph 2 of this Article spells out the consequences of paragraph 1 regarding freedom of the media. It is based in particular on Court of Justice case law regarding television, particularly in case C-288/89 (judgment of 25 July 1991, Stichting Collectieve Antennevoorziening Gouda and others [1991] ECR I-4007), and on the Protocol on the system of public broadcasting in the Member States annexed to the EC Treaty, and on Council Directive 89/552/EC (particularly its seventeenth recital).

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • NH v Associazione Avvocatura per i diritti LGBTI - Rete Lenford
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:289
  • Mr T/France
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Cassation
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:FR:CCASS:2020:CR00434
  • Constantin Film Produktion GmbH v European Union Intellectual Property Office
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Fifth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Culture
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:118
  • Anonymous plaintiff v. Higher Regional Court Celle (Oberlandesgericht Celle)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Federal Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:DE:BVerfG:2019:rs20191106.1bvr027617
  • NH v Associazione Avvocatura per i diritti LGBTI - Rete Lenford
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:922
  • GC, AF, BH, ED v Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés (CNIL)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:773
  • Limited company titled “…” v. Greek National Council for Radio and Television
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Council of State
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Funke Medien NRW GmbH v Bundesrepublik Deutschland
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:623
  • Spiegel Online GmbH v Volker Beck
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:625
  • Case upon the request of 55 Members of the Parliament
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Constitutional Court of the Republic of Bulgaria
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):

73 results found

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Art. 38. No one shall be persecuted or restricted in his rights because of his views, nor shall be obligated or forced to provide information about his own or another person's views. Art. 39. (1) Everyone shall be entitled to express an opinion or to publicize it through words, written or oral, sound or image, or in any other way. (2) This right shall not be used to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or for the incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of enmity or violence against anyone.Art. 40. (1) The press and the other mass information media shall be free and shall not be subjected to censorship. (2) An injunction on or a confiscation of printed matter or another information medium shall be allowed only through an act of the judicial authorities in the case of an encroachment on public decency or incitement of a forcible change of the constitutionally established order, the perpetration of a crime, or the incitement of violence against anyone. An injunction suspension shall lose force if not followed by a confiscation within 24 hours.Art. 41. (1) Everyone shall be entitled to seek, obtain and disseminate information. This right shall not be exercised to the detriment of the rights and reputation of others, or to the detriment of national security, public order, public health and morality.[...]

  • КОНСТИТУЦИЯ на Република България
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Чл. 38. Никой не може да бъде преследван или ограничаван в правата си поради своите убеждения, нито да бъде задължаван или принуждаван да дава сведения за свои или чужди убеждения. Чл. 39. (1) Всеки има право да изразява мнение и да го разпространява чрез слово - писмено или устно, чрез звук, изображение или по друг начин. (2) Това право не може да се използва за накърняване на правата и доброто име на другиго и за призоваване към насилствена промяна на конституционно установения ред, към извършване на престъпления, към разпалване на вражда или към насилие над личността.Чл. 40. (1) Печатът и другите средства за масова информация са свободни и не подлежат на цензура. (2) Спирането и конфискацията на печатно издание или на друг носител на информация се допускат само въз основа на акт на съдебната власт, когато се накърняват добрите нрави или се съдържат призиви за насилствена промяна на конституционно установения ред, за извършване на престъпление или за насилие над личността. Ако в срок от 24 часа не последва конфискация, спирането преустановява действието си.Чл. 41. (1) Всеки има право да търси, получава и разпространява информация. Осъществяването на това право не може да бъде насочено срещу правата и доброто име на другите граждани, както и срещу националната сигурност, обществения ред, народното здраве и морала. [...]

  • De Belgische Grondwet
    Country:
    Belgium

    Artikel 19De vrijheid van eredienst, de vrije openbare uitoefening ervan, alsmede de vrijheid om op elk gebied zijn mening te uiten, zijn gewaarborgd, behoudens bestraffing van de misdrijven die ter gelegenheid van het gebruikmaken van die vrijheden worden gepleegd.Artikel 25De drukpers is vrij; de censuur kan nooit worden ingevoerd; geen borgstelling kan worden geëist van de schrijvers, uitgevers of drukkers. Wanneer de schrijver bekend is en zijn woonplaats in België heeft, kan de uitgever, de drukker of de verspreider niet worden vervolgd.

  • La Constitution Belge
    Country:
    Belgium

    Article 19La liberté des cultes, celle de leur exercice public, ainsi que la liberté de manifester ses opinions en toute matière, sont garanties, sauf la répression des délits commis à l'occasion de l'usage de ces libertés.Article 25La presse est libre; la censure ne pourra jamais être établie; il ne peut être exigé de cautionnement des écrivains, éditeurs ou imprimeurs.Lorsque l'auteur est connu et domicilié en Belgique, l'éditeur, l'imprimeur ou le distributeur ne peut être poursuivi.

  • The Belgian Constitution
    Country:
    Belgium

    Article 19Freedom of worship, its public practice and freedom to demonstrate one’s opinions on all matters are guaranteed, but offences committed when this freedom is used may be punished.Article 25The press is free; censorship can never be introduced; no security can be demanded from authors, publishers or printers.When the author is known and resident in Belgium, neither the publisher, the printer nor the distributor can be prosecuted.

  • Beschluß der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung vom 30. Oktober 1918
    Country:
    Austria

    Präambel/Promulgationsklausel Auf Grund des § 7 des Beschlusses der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung vom 30. Oktober 1918 über die grundlegenden Einrichtungen der Staatsgewalt wird beurkundet, daß der obenstehende Beschluß von der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung am 30. Oktober 1918 gefaßt worden ist. 1. Jede Zensur ist als dem Grundrecht der Staatsbürger widersprechend als rechtsungültig aufgehoben. 2. Die Einstellung von Druckschriften und die Erlassung eines Postverbotes gegen solche findet nicht mehr statt. Die bisher verfügten Einstellungen und Postverbote sind aufgehoben. Die volle Freiheit der Presse ist hergestellt. 3. Die Ausnahmsverfügungen betreffs des Vereins- und Versammlungsrechtes sind aufgehoben. Die volle Vereins- und Versammlungsfreiheit ohne Unterschied des Geschlechts ist hergestellt.

  • Bundesgesetz vom 12. Juni 1981 über die Presse und andere publizistische Medien (Mediengesetz)
    Country:
    Austria
  • Bundesverfassungsgesetz vom 10. Juli 1974 über die Sicherung der Unabhängigkeit des Rundfunks
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 1 (2) Die näheren Bestimmungen für den Rundfunk und seine Organisation sind bundesgesetzlich festzulegen. Ein solches Bundesgesetz hat insbesondere Bestimmungen zu enthalten, die die Objektivität und Unparteilichkeit der Berichterstattung, die Berücksichtigung der Meinungsvielfalt, die Ausgewogenheit der Programme sowie die Unabhängigkeit der Personen und Organe, die mit der Besorgung der im Abs. 1 genannten Aufgaben betraut sind, gewährleisten.

  • European Convention on Human Rights - Article 10
    Country:
    Austria

    Article 10 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart information and ideas without interference by public authority and regardless of frontiers. This Article shall not prevent States from requiring the licensing of broadcasting, television or cinema enterprises.

  • Federal Constitutional Act of 10 July 1974 on Guaranteeing the Independence of Broadcasting
    Country:
    Austria

    Article 1 (2) Federal legislation shall provide for more detailed provisions on broadcasting and its organisation. Such federal legislation shall in particular contain provisions ensuring the objectivity and impartiality of reporting, consideration to the diversity of opinion, the balance of programmes and the independence of the persons and executive bodies or officers who are entrusted with the tasks referred to in para 1.

  • Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 10 (1) Jedermann hat Anspruch auf freie Meinungsäußerung. Dieses Recht schließt die Freiheit der Meinung und die Freiheit zum Empfang und zur Mitteilung von Nachrichten oder Ideen ohne Eingriffe öffentlicher Behörden und ohne Rücksicht auf Landesgrenzen ein. Dieser Artikel schließt nicht aus, daß die Staaten Rundfunk-, Lichtspiel- oder Fernsehunternehmen einem Genehmigungsverfahren unterwerfen.

  • Resolution of the Provisional National Assembly of 30 October 1918 [on the abolition of censorship]
    Country:
    Austria

    Preamble/Clause of Promulgation Pursuant to Para. 7 of the Resolution of the National Assembly of 30 October 1918 about the fundamental establishment of the government is documented that the above-mentioned resolution has been taken by the Provisional National Assembly on 30 October 1918. 1. All censorship is abolished as illegal because contradictory to the basic rights of the citizen. 2. . Stops on publications and the issue of a postal distribution veto on such cease forthwith. Hitherto operative stops and postal distribution vetoes are abolished. Complete freedom of the Press is established. 3. The emergency ordinances with respect to rights of assembly and association are abolished. Complete freedom of assembly and association, without distinction of sex, is established.

  • Federal Act dated 12th June 1981 on the Press and other Publication Media (Media Act)
    Country:
    Austria

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