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Article 49 - Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties

Article 49 - Principles of legality and proportionality of criminal offences and penalties

1. No one shall be held guilty of any criminal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a criminal offence under national law or international law at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the criminal offence was committed. If, subsequent to the commission of a criminal offence, the law provides for a lighter penalty, that shall be applicable.
2. This Article shall not prejudice the trial and punishment of any person for any act or omission which, at the time when it was committed, was criminal according to the general principles recognised by the community of nations.
3. The severity of penalties must not be disproportionate to the criminal offence.

  • Portugal / Court of Appeal of Oporto / 1751/10.7TXPT-H.P1
    Plaintiff v Public Prosecutor
    Decision date:
    04 Jul 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Portugal / Court of Appeal of Porto
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
  • France / Court of Cassation / 11-83319
    Ms Martine X. v Court of Appeal of Poitiers
    Decision date:
    05 Jun 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Cassation
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Transport
  • Austria / Supreme Administrative Court / 2011/09/0188 (connected with 2011/09/0189)
    (a) Two anonymised persons (b) Independent Administrative Penal (Unabhängiger Verwaltungssenat) of Salzburg
    Decision date:
    22 Mar 2012
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Austria / Supreme Administrative Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Employment and social policy
    Free movement and equality
  • CJEU - C 17/10 / Judgment
    Toshiba Corporation et al v Úřad pro ochranu hospodářské soutěže (Czech competition authority)
    Decision date:
    14 Feb 2012
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
  • CJEU - Joined cases C 628/10 P and C 14/11 P / Opinion
    Alliance One International Inc. and Others v European Commission and Others
    Decision date:
    12 Jan 2012
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Opinion of Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
  • CJEU - C 272/09 P / Judgment
    KME Germany AG, KME France SAS, KME Italy SpA v Commission
    Decision date:
    08 Dec 2011
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Second Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
  • CJEU Case C-405/10 / Judgment
    Özlem Garenfeld Criminal proceedings against QB
    Decision date:
    10 Nov 2011
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Fourth Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2011:722
  • CJEU - C 352/09 P / Judgment
    ThyssenKrupp Nirosta GmbH v European Commission
    Decision date:
    29 Mar 2011
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
  • CJEU - C 303/05 / Judgment
    Advocaten voor de Wereld VZW v Leden van de Ministerraad
    Decision date:
    03 May 2007
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    European Court of Justice (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    EU:C:2007:261

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