eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 7 - Respect for private and family life

Article 7 - Respect for private and family life

Everyone has the right to respect for his or her private and family life, home and communications.

  • Text:

    The rights guaranteed in Article 7 correspond to those guaranteed by Article 8 of the ECHR. To take account of developments in technology the word "correspondence" has been replaced by "communications".
    In accordance with Article 52(3), the meaning and scope of this right are the same as those of the corresponding article of the ECHR. Consequently, the limitations which may legitimately be imposed on this right are the same as those allowed by Article 8 of the ECHR:

    "1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence.
    2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others."

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • The commercial MIRACLIA TELECOMUNICACIONES, S.L. against the STATE ADMINISTRATION.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    The Spanish Supreme Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • European Commission v Hungary.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:476
  • Mr. … v. State of Luxembourg (anonymised judgment)
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Higher Administrative Court of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Mr T/France
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Court of Cassation
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:FR:CCASS:2020:CR00434
  • Nexans France and Nexans v European Commission
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:207
  • Dwyer vs. The Commissioner of An Garda Siochana, Minister for Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, Ireland and Attorney General
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Supreme Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Appeal for unconstitutionality filed by more than fifty members of the Confederal Parliamentary Group of Unidos Podemos-En Comú Podem-En Marea in the Congress of Deputies (the Spanish National Parliament), against Law 5/2018, of 11 June, amending Law 1/2000, of 7 January, on civil proceedings, in relation to the illegal occupation of housing
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    The Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:ES:TC:2019:32
  • European Commission v Hungary
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2020:1
  • Data Protection Commissioner v Facebook Ireland Limited and Maximillian Schrems
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:1145
  • Zubair Haqbin v Federaal agentschap voor de opvang van asielzoekers
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court, Grand Chamber
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security, Borders and Visa
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2019:956

56 results found

  • Danmarks Riges Grundlov
    Country:
    Denmark

    § 72. Boligen er ukrænkelig. Husundersøgelse, beslaglæggelse og undersøgelse af breve og andre papirer samt brud på post-, telegraf- og telefonhemmeligheden må, hvor ingen lov hjemler en særegen undtagelse, alene ske efter en retskendelse.

  • Eesti Vabariigi Põhiseadus
    Country:
    Estonia

    § 26. Igaühel on õigus perekonna- ja eraelu puutumatusele. Riigiasutused, kohalikud omavalitsused ja nende ametiisikud ei tohi kellegi perekonna- ega eraellu sekkuda muidu, kui seaduses sätestatud juhtudel ja korras tervise, kõlbluse, avaliku korra või teiste inimeste õiguste ja vabaduste kaitseks, kuriteo tõkestamiseks või kurjategija tabamiseks.
    § 27. Perekond rahva püsimise ja kasvamise ning ühiskonna alusena on riigi kaitse all. Abikaasad on võrdõiguslikud. Vanematel on õigus ja kohustus kasvatada oma lapsi ja hoolitseda nende eest. Seadus sätestab vanemate ja laste kaitse. Perekond on kohustatud hoolitsema oma abivajavate liikmete eest.
    § 33. Kodu on puutumatu. Ei tohi tungida kellegi eluruumi, valdusse ega töökohta ega neid ka läbi otsida, välja arvatud seadusega sätestatud juhtudel ja korras avaliku korra, tervise või teiste inimeste õiguste ja vabaduste kaitseks, kuriteo tõkestamiseks, kurjategija tabamiseks või tõe väljaselgitamiseks kriminaalmenetluses.
    § 43. Igaühel on õigus tema poolt või temale posti, telegraafi, telefoni või muul üldkasutataval teel edastatavate sõnumite saladusele. Erandeid võib kohtu loal teha kuriteo tõkestamiseks või kriminaalmenetluses tõe väljaselgitamiseks seadusega sätestatud juhtudel ja korras.

  • The Constitutional Act of Denmark
    Country:
    Denmark

    Section 72. The dwelling shall be inviolable. No house search, seizure, and examination of letters and other papers, or any breach of the secrecy that shall be observed in postal, telegraph, and telephone matters, shall take place except under a judicial order, unless particular exception is warranted by statute.

  • The Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus
    Country:
    Cyprus

    Article 15
    1. Every person has the right to respect for his private and family life.
    2. There shall be no interference with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary only in the interests of the security of the Republic or the constitutional order or the public safety or the public order or the public health or the public morals or for the protection of the rights and liberties guaranteed by this Constitution to any person or in the interests of transparency in public life or for the purpose of taking measures against corruption in public life. Article 16
    1. Every person's dwelling house is inviolable.
    2. There shall be no entry in any dwelling house or any search therein except when and as provided by law and on a judicial warrant duly reasoned or when the entry is made with the express consent of its occupant or for the purpose of rescuing the victims of any offence of violence or of any disaster.
    Article 17
    1. Every person has the right to respect for, and to the secrecy of, his correspondence and other communication if such other communication is made through means not prohibited by law.
    2. There shall be no interference with the exercise of this right, unless such interference is permitted under the law, in the following cases:
    A. Of persons remanded or imprisoned.
    B. Following a court order issued pursuant to the provisions of the law, upon an application by the Attorney-General of the Republic, and the interference constitutes a measure which is necessary in a democratic society only in the interests of the security of the Republic or for the prevention, investigation or prosecution of the following serious criminal offences:
    a. Premeditated murder or homicide,
    b. trafficking in adults or minors and offences relating to child pornography,
    c. trade, supply, cultivation or production of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or dangerous drugs,
    d. offences relating to coin or bank note of the Republic, and
    e. offences relating to corruption in respect of which, in case of conviction, a sentence of imprisonment of five years or more is foreseen.
    C. Following a court order issued in accordance with the provisions of the law, for the investigation or prosecution of a serious criminal offence in respect of which in case of conviction, a sentence of imprisonment of five years or more is foreseen and the interference concerns access to relevant electronic communication data of movement and position and to relevant data which are necessary for the identification of the subscriber or and the user.

  • Tο Σύνταγμα της Κυπριακής Δημοκρατίας
    Country:
    Cyprus

    ΑΡΘΡΟΝ 15:
    1. Έκαστος έχει το δικαίωμα όπως η ιδιωτική και οικογενειακή αυτού ζωή τυγχάνη σεβασμού.
    2. Δεν χωρεί επέμβασις κατά την άσκησιν του δικαιώματος τούτου, ειμή τοιαύτη οία θα ήτο σύμφωνος προς τον νόμον και αναγκαία μόνον προς το συμφέρον της ασφαλείας της Δημοκρατίας ή της συνταγματικής τάξεως ή της δημοσίας ασφαλείας ή της δημοσίας τάξεως ή της δημοσίας υγιείας ή των δημοσίων ηθών ή της προστασίας των δικαιωμάτων και των ελευθεριών των υπό του Συντάγματος ηγγυημένων εις παν πρόσωπον ή προς το συμφέρον της διαφάνειας στη δημόσια ζωή ή για σκοπούς λήψης μέτρων εναντίον της διαφθοράς στη δημόσια ζωή. ΑΡΘΡΟΝ 16:
    1. Η κατοικία εκάστου είναι απαραβίαστος.
    2. Η είσοδος εις οιανδήποτε κατοικίαν ή οιαδήποτε έρευνα εντός αυτής δεν επιτρέπεται, ειμή ότε και όπως ο νόμος ορίζη και κατόπιν δικαστικού εντάλματος δεόντως ητιολογημένου ή οσάκις η είσοδος ενεργήται τη ρητή συναινέσει του ενοίκου ή προς τον σκοπόν διασώσεων θυμάτων οιουδήποτε αδικήματος βίας ή οιασδήποτε καταστροφής.
    AΡΘΡΟ 17: 1. Έκαστος έχει το δικαίωμα σεβασμού και διασφαλίσεως του απορρήτου της αλληλογραφίας ως και πάσης άλλης επικοινωνίας αυτού, εφ’ όσον η τοιαύτη επικοινωνία διεξάγεται διά μέσων μη απαγορευομένων υπό του νόμου.
    2. Δε χωρεί επέμβαση κατά την άσκηση του δικαιώματος τούτου, εκτός αν η επέμβαση αυτή επιτρέπεται σύμφωνα με το νόμο, στις ακόλουθες περιπτώσεις:
    Α. Προσώπων που τελούν υπό φυλάκιση ή προφυλάκιση.
    Β. Κατόπιν δικαστικού διατάγματος που εκδόθηκε σύμφωνα με τις διατάξεις του νόμου, μετά από αίτηση του Γενικού Εισαγγελέα της Δημοκρατίας, και η επέμβαση αποτελεί μέτρο το οποίο σε μια δημοκρατική κοινωνία είναι αναγκαίο μόνο προς το συμφέρον της ασφάλειας της Δημοκρατίας ή την αποτροπή, διερεύνηση ή δίωξη των ακόλουθων σοβαρών ποινικών αδικημάτων:
    (α) Φόνος εκ προμελέτης ή ανθρωποκτονία,
    (β) εμπορία ενηλίκων ή ανηλίκων προσώπων και αδικήματα που σχετίζονται με την παιδική πορνογραφία,
    (γ) εμπορία, προμήθεια, καλλιέργεια ή παραγωγή ναρκωτικών φαρμάκων, ψυχοτρόπων ουσιών ή επικίνδυνων φαρμάκων,
    (δ) αδικήματα που σχετίζονται με το νόμισμα ή το χαρτονόμισμα της Δημοκρατίας και
    (ε) αδικήματα διαφθοράς για τα οποία προβλέπεται, σε περίπτωση καταδίκης, ποινή φυλάκισης πέντε ετών και άνω.
    Γ. Κατόπιν δικαστικού διατάγματος, που εκδόθηκε σύμφωνα με τις διατάξεις του νόμου, για τη διερεύνηση ή δίωξη σοβαρού ποινικού αδικήματος για το οποίο προβλέπεται, σε περίπτωση καταδίκης, ποινή φυλάκισης πέντε ετών και άνω και η επέμβαση αφορά πρόσβαση στα σχετικά με ηλεκτρονική επικοινωνία δεδομένα κίνησης και θέσης και στα συναφή δεδομένα που είναι αναγκαία για την αναγνώριση του συνδρομητή ή και του χρήστη.

  • Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Art. 32. (1) The privacy of citizens shall be inviolable. Everyone shall be entitled to protection against any unlawful interference in his private or family affairs and against encroachments on his honour, dignity and reputation. [...] Art. 33. (1) The home shall be inviolable. No one shall enter or stay inside a home without its occupant's consent, except in the cases expressly stipulated by law. (2) Entry or stay inside a home without the consent of its occupant or without the judicial authorities' permission shall be allowed only for the purposes of preventing an immediately impending crime or a crime in progress, for the capture of a criminal, or in extreme necessity.Art. 34. (1) The freedom and confidentiality of correspondence and all other communications shall be inviolable. (2) Exceptions to this provision shall be allowed only with the permission of the judicial authorities for the purpose of discovering or preventing a grave crime.

  • КОНСТИТУЦИЯ на Република България
    Country:
    Bulgaria

    Чл. 32.(1) Личният живот на гражданите е неприкосновен. Всеки има право на защита срещу незаконна намеса в личния и семейния му живот и срещу посегателство върху неговата чест, достойнство и добро име. [...] Чл. 33. (1) Жилището е неприкосновено. Без съгласието на обитателя му никой не може да влиза или да остава в него освен в случаите, изрично посочени в закона. (2) Влизане или оставане в жилището без съгласие на неговия обитател или без разрешение на съдебната власт се допуска само за предотвратяване на непосредствено предстоящо или започнало престъпление, за залавяне на извършителя му, както и в случаите на крайна необходимост.Чл. 34. (1) Свободата и тайната на кореспонденцията и на другите съобщения са неприкосновени. (2) Изключения от това правило се допускат само с разрешение на съдебната власт, когато това се налага за разкриване или предотвратяване на тежки престъпления.

  • De Belgische Grondwet
    Country:
    Belgium

    Artikel 15De woning is onschendbaar; geen huiszoeking kan plaatshebben dan in de gevallen die de wet bepaalt en in de vorm die zij voorschrijft. Artikel 22 Ieder heeft recht op eerbiediging van zijn privé-leven en zijn gezinsleven, behoudens in de gevallen en onder de voorwaarden door de wet bepaald. De wet, het decreet of de in artikel 134 bedoelde regel waarborgen de bescherming van dat recht.Artikel 29 Het briefgeheim is onschendbaar. De wet bepaalt welke agenten verantwoordelijk zijn voor de schending van het geheim der aan de post toevertrouwde brieven.

  • La Constitution Belge
    Country:
    Belgium

    Article 15 Le domicile est inviolable; aucune visite domiciliaire ne peut avoir lieu que dans les cas prévus par la loi et dans la forme qu'elle prescrit. Article 22 Chacun a droit au respect de sa vie privée et familiale, sauf dans les cas et conditions fixés par la loi. La loi, le décret ou la règle visée à l'article 134 garantissent la protection de ce droit.Article 29Le secret des lettres est inviolable. La loi détermine quels sont les agents responsables de la violation du secret des lettres confiées à la poste.

  • The Belgian Constitution
    Country:
    Belgium

    Article 15. One’s home is inviolable;no house search may take place except in the cases provided for by the law and in the form prescribed by the law. Article22. Everyone has the right to the respect of his private and family life, except in the cases and conditions determined by law. The laws, federate laws and rules referred to in Article 134 guarantee the protection of this right. Article 29.The confidentiality of letters is inviolable. The law determines which officials may violate the confidentiality of letters entrustedto the postal service.

  • European Convention on Human Rights - Article 8
    Country:
    Austria

    Article 8

    1 Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence.

    2 There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic well-being of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.

  • Gesetz vom 27. October 1862, zum Schutze des Hausrechtes
    Country:
    Austria

    §1 Eine Hausdurchsuchung, das ist die Durchsuchung der Wohnung oder sonstiger zum Hauswesen gehörigen Räumlichkeiten darf in der Regel nur kraft eines mit Gründen versehenen richterlichen Befehles unternommen werden. Dieser Befehl ist den Betheiligten sogleich oder doch innerhalb der nächsten 24 Stunden zuzustellen.

  • Konvention zum Schutze der Menschenrechte und Grundfreiheiten
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 8 (1) Jedermann hat Anspruch auf Achtung seines Privat- und Familienlebens, seiner Wohnung und seines Briefverkehrs.

  • Law of 27 October 1862 on Protection of the Rights of the Home
    Country:
    Austria

    §1 A domiciliary visit, that is, a search of a home or the appurtenant premises may rule only be undertaken on the strength of a judicial warrant stating the reasons. This warrant shall at once or at least within 24 hours be served on the party concerned.

  • Staatsgrundgesetz über die allgemeinen Rechte der Staatsbürger
    Country:
    Austria

    Artikel 9(1) Das Hausrecht ist unverletzlich. (2) Das bestehende Gesetz vom 27. October 1862 (Reichs-Gesetz-Blatt Nr. 88) zum Schutze des Hausrechtes wird hiemit als Bestandtheil dieses Staatsgrundgesetzes erklärt. Artikel 10 Das Briefgeheimniß darf nicht verletzt und die Beschlagnahme von Briefen, außer dem Falle einer gesetzlichen Verhaftung oder Haussuchung, nur in Kriegsfällen oder auf Grund eines richterlichen Befehles in Gemäßheit bestehender Gesetze vorgenommen werden.Artikel 10a(1) Das Fernmeldegeheimnis darf nicht verletzt werden. (2) Ausnahmen von der Bestimmung des vorstehenden Absatzes sind nur auf Grund eines richterlichen Befehles in Gemäßheit bestehender Gesetze zulässig.

  • The Basic Law on the General Rights of Nationals
    Country:
    Austria

    Article 9(1) The rights of the home are inviolable. (2) The existent law of 27th October 1862 (RGBl. No. 88) on the protection of the rights of the home is hereby declared a component of this Basic Law. Article 10 The privacy of letters may not be infringed and the seizure of letters may, except in case of a legal detention or domiciliary visit, take place only in times of war or by reason of a judicial warrant in conformity with existent laws.Article 10a (1) Telecommunications secrecy may not be infringed. (2) Exceptions to the provisions of the foregoing paragraph are admissible only by reason of a judicial warrant in conformity with existent laws.

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