eu-charter

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

Article 8 - Protection of personal data

1. Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
2. Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning him or her, and the right to have it rectified.
3. Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent authority.

  • Text:

    This Article has been based on Article 286 of the Treaty establishing the European Community and Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 281, 23.11.1995, p. 31) as well as on Article 8 of the ECHR and on the Council of Europe Convention of 28 January 1981 for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, which has been ratified by all the Member States. Article 286 of the EC Treaty is now replaced by Article 16 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 39 of the Treaty on European Union. Reference is also made to Regulation (EC) No 45/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data (OJ L 8, 12.1.2001, p. 1). The above-mentioned Directive and Regulation contain conditions and limitations for the exercise of the right to the protection of personal data.

    Source:
    Official Journal of the European Union C 303/17 - 14.12.2007
    Preamble - Explanations relating to the Charter of Fundamental Rights:
    These explanations were originally prepared under the authority of the Praesidium of the Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Although they do not as such have the status of law, they are a valuable tool of interpretation intended to clarify the provisions of the Charter.
  • Maximillian Schrems v Data Protection Commissioner
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Court of Justice of the European Union (Grand Chamber)
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2015:650
  • Maximillian Schrems v Data Protection Commissioner
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:EU:C:2015:627
  • WebMindLicenses Kft v Nemzeti Adó- és Vámhivatal Kiemelt Adó- és Vám Főigazgatóság
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    Court of Justice of the European Union
    Deciding body:
    Advocate General
    Type:
    Opinion
    Policy area:
    Taxation
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    EU:C:2015:606
  • Appraisal of the constitutionality of a Decree passed by the Parliament
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Justice, freedom and security
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Č. S. v I. L.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Federal Ministry of Finances
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
    ECLI:AT:VFGH:2015:UA2.2015
  • Belgian French and German-speaking bar associations and two Belgian League of Human Rights associations (‘Liga voor Mensenrechten/Ligue des Droits de l’Homme’) v Belgian State
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Constitutional Court
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Members of the National Council of the Slovak Republic
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Appellant v Google Netherlands B.V. and Google Inc.
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):
  • Google Inc v Vidal-Hall & Others
    Decision date:
    Deciding body type:
    National Court/Tribunal
    Deciding body:
    Type:
    Decision
    Policy area:
    Information society
    ECLI (European case law identifier):

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