This focus takes a closer look at the application of
the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European
Union, which has been legally binding for 10 years.
At EU level, it has gained visibility and sparked a
new fundamental rights culture. At national level,
awareness and use of the Charter are limited. Courts
increasingly use the Charter, showing the impact of
this modern instrument. But its use by governments
and parliaments remains low. For instance, there
is little indication of anyone regularly scrutinising
national legislation that transposes EU law for
compatibility with the Charter.