In 2008, the Walloon decree initiated the establishment of Social Cohesion Plans in cities and villages of the region. The Social Cohesion Plans aim to promote social cohesion in municipalities and will be in operation from 2008-2013. More speciﬁcally the Social Cohesion Plans target four key areas for action in Wallonia:
· socio-professional integration;
· access to decent accommodation;
· access to healthcare and treatment for addiction;
· restoration of social, intergenerational and intercultural links.
In setting up a tailor-made plan for each commune the Public Services Department of the Walloon Government (SPW – Service Public de Wallonie), together with the Walloon Institute for Evaluation, Prospective Studies and Statistics ﬁrst developed an overall indicator on access to fundamental rights. This was followed by a call for proposals inviting municipalities to draft a local diagnosis including an inventory of actions and services, highlighting the population's needs. Based on the indicators and diagnosis an action plan was deﬁned. The Walloon Government then validated the action plans.