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Monitoring and evaluation should be an integral part of the planning cycle. Tangible goals and targets must already be formulated while planning, due to the need to demonstrate outcomes. Monitoring and evaluation helps provide evidence to show whether the resources have been used well and whether the measures have been appropriate and effective in achieving the targets.

Regardless of the monitoring system there are two questions that must be answered by public officials: Is this legislation, policy, practice or project improving the fundamental rights situation? How, why and under which conditions?

Measuring of progress can be based on indicators that show the fundamental rights impact of policies and measures over time.

Evaluations assist in learning from success and failure, as well as in identifying the need for follow-up activities.

It is important that monitoring and evaluation cuts across different sectors and levels of government. Joining up monitoring systems helps:

  • Improve results: When policies are not monitored and evaluated across government, tensions between different policies are overlooked and remain unresolved.
  • Avoid errors: Joined-up monitoring requires policy makers to identify and analyse how policies and measures impact on other aspects of fundamental rights. These considerations must already take place at the initial stage of the planning process.
  • Encourage innovation: As actors at all levels and sectors receive feedback on the effectiveness of their actions for the protection of fundamental rights, they get fresh inputs and ideas to create new policy instruments and methods.
  • Enhance accountability and transparency: There is a need to monitor and report on achievements and failures of all policies at all levels. This increases accountability of officials, departments and government vis-à-vis their operations and their impact on fundamental rights.