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Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, General recommendation No. 34 (2016) on the rights of rural women

‘17. States parties should promote inclusive and sustainable economic development which enables rural women to enjoy their rights, and: [...] (c) Ensure that they are able to effectively and directly benefit from economic and social programmes by involving them in the design and development of all relevant plans and strategies, such as those related to health, education, employment, social security, etc.‘
‘40. Article 14, paragraph 2(c) requires States parties to ensure that rural women benefit directly from social security. However, a majority of rural women have limited opportunities in the formal labour market, and are more likely to be engaged in activities not regulated by labour codes and social security legislation linked with formal employment. They are therefore exposed to increased risks and need measures of social protection taking their situation into account.
41. In order to eliminate discrimination against rural women in economic and social life, States parties should:
(a) Ensure that rural women engaged in unpaid work and/or in the informal sector have access to non-contributory social protection in line with GR 16 (1991) on unpaid women workers in rural and urban family enterprises, and that those employed in the formal sector have access to contributory social security benefits in their own right, irrespective of their marital status;
(b) Adopt gender-responsive social protection floors to ensure that all rural women have access to essential health care, childcare facilities and income security, in line with article 14, paragraph 2 (b) and (h) and ILO Recommendation No. 202 (2012) on social protection floors.‘