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Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg


Article 13. No one may be deprived against his will of the judge that the law assigns to him. Article 86. A tribunal or a jurisdiction in contentious matters may only be established by virtue of a law. No extraordinary commissions or tribunals may be created under whatever denomination that may be. Article 88. The hearings of the tribunals are public, unless such publicity is a threat to order and morality, and in which case, the tribunal so declares by a judgment. Article 89. Every judgment is substantiated. It is pronounced in public hearing.