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Constitution of Ireland


Article 45.2. The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing:(...) iii. That, especially, the operation of free competition shall not be allowed so to develop as to result in the concentration of the ownership or control of essential commodities in a few individuals to the common detriment. Article 45.3.1. The State shall favour and, where necessary, supplement private initiative in industry and commerce. Article 45.3.2. The state shall endeavour to secure that private enterprise shall be so conducted as to ensure reasonable efficiency in the production and distribution of goods and as to protect the public against unjust exploitation.