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Constitution of the Kingdom of Spain

Country:
Spain

Section 6 Political parties are the expression of political pluralism, they contribute to the formation and expression of the will of the people and are an essential instrument for political participation. Their creation and the exercise of their activities are free in so far as they respect the Constitution and the law. Their internal structure and their functioning must be democratic.

Section 7 Trade unions and employers associations contribute to the defence and promotion of the economic and social interests which they represent. Their creation and the exercise of their activities shall be free in so far as they respect the Constitution and the law. Their internal structure and their functioning must be democratic

Section 21 (1) The right to peaceful unarmed assembly is granted. The exercise of this right shall not require prior authorization. (2) In the case of meetings in public places and of demonstrations, prior notification shall be given to the authorities, who can only forbid them when there are well founded grounds to expect a breach of public order, involving danger to persons or property.

Section 22 (1) The right of association is granted. (2) Associations which pursue ends or use means legally defined as criminal offences are illegal. (3) Associations set up on the basis of this section must be entered in a register for the sole purpose of public knowledge. (4) Associations may only be dissolved or have their activities suspended by virtue of a court order stating the reasons for it. (5) Secret and paramilitary associations are prohibited.

Section 28 (1) All have the right to freely join a trade union. The law may restrict or except the exercise of this right in the Armed Forces or Institutes or other bodies subject to military discipline, and shall lay down the special conditions of its exercise by civil servants. Trade union freedom includes the right to set up trade unions and to join the union of one's choice, as well as the right of trade unions to form confederations and to found international trade union organizations, or to become members thereof. No one may be compelled to join a trade union. (2) The right of workers to strike in defence of their interests is recognized. The law governing the exercise of this right shall establish the safeguards necessary to ensure the maintenance of essential public services.