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Constitution of the Portuguese Republic


Article 13 (Principle of equality) (1) All citizens possess the same social dignity and are equal before the law. (2) No one may be privileged, favoured, prejudiced, deprived of any right or exempted from any duty for reasons of ancestry, sex, race, language, territory of origin, religion, political or ideological beliefs, education, economic situation, social circumstances or sexual orientation. Article 9 (Fundamental tasks of the State) The basic responsibilities of the State are: (h) To promote equality between men and women. Article 36 (Family, marriage and filiation) (3) Spouses have equal rights in relation both to their civil and political capacity and to the education and maintenance of their children. Article 59 (Workers' rights) (1) All workers, regardless of age, sex, race, nationality, place of origin, religion or political or ideological convictions, are entitled to: (a) Remuneration for their work, according to its quantity, nature and quality, on the principle of equal pay for equal work, so as to guarantee to them an appropriate livelihood. Article 109 (Citizens' participation in politics) Direct and active participation by men and women in political life is a requirement of, and a basic instrument for consolidating the democratic system. The law must promote equality in the exercise of civil and political rights and non-discrimination on the basis of gender for access to political positions.