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Constitution of the Portuguese Republic


 Article 59 (Workers' rights) (1) Regardless of age, sex, race, citizenship, place of origin, religion and political and ideological convictions, every worker shall possess the right: (a) To the remuneration of his work in accordance with its volume, nature and quality, with respect for the principle of equal pay for equal work and in such a way as to guarantee a proper living; (b) That work be organised in keeping with social dignity and in such a way as to provide personal fulfilment and to make it possible to reconcile professional and family life; (c) To work in conditions that are hygienic, safe and healthy; (d) To rest and leisure time, a maximum limit on the working day, a weekly rest period and periodic paid holidays; (e) To material assistance when he involuntarily finds himself unemployed; (f) To assistance and fair reparation when he is the victim of a work-related accident or occupational illness. (2) The state shall be charged with ensuring the working, remuneratory and rest-related conditions to which workers are entitled, particularly by: (a) Setting and updating a national minimum wage which, among other factors, shall have particular regard to workers’ needs, increases in the cost of living, the level to which the sectors of production have developed, the requirements imposed by economic and financial stability, and the accumulation of capital for development purposes; (b) Setting national limits on working hours; (c) Ensuring special work-related protection for women during pregnancy and following childbirth, as well as for minors, the disabled and those whose occupations are particularly strenuous or take place in unhealthy, toxic or dangerous conditions; (d) In cooperation with social organisations, ensuring the systematic development of a network of rest and holiday centres; (e) Protecting emigrant workers’ working conditions and guaranteeing their social benefits; (f) Protecting student workers’ working conditions. (3) Salaries shall enjoy special guarantees, as laid down by law.