You are here:

Constitution of Romania


  Article 45Free access of persons to an economic activity, free enterprise, and their exercise under the law shall be guaranteed.Article 135(1) Romania's economy is a free market economy, based on free enterprise and competition. (2) The State must secure: a) a free trade, protection of fair competition, provision of a favourable framework in order to stimulate and capitalize every factor of production; b) protection of national interests in economic, financial and currency activity; c) stimulation of national scientific and technological research, arts, and protection of copyright; d) exploitation of natural resources, in conformity with national interests; e) environmental protection and recovery, as well as preservation of the ecological balance; f) creation of all necessary conditions so as to increase the quality of life; g) implementation of regional development policies in compliance with the objectives of the European Union.