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In 2000 the EU adopted two prominent pieces of legislation in 2000 aimed at efficiently fighting discrimination, the Racial Equality Directive and the Employment Equality Directive . Together they create a well-developed and wide-ranging anti-discrimination framework underling the EU’s legal commitment to protect all those living in its territory from discrimination.

However, drawing on evidence gathered in its surveys and reports, FRA's opinion finds that discrimination remains part of the daily experience of too many Europeans. By looking into the reasons for this divide between the law and the situation on the ground, it identifies various factors that prevent more effective implementation of legal provisions and other mechanisms designed to improve protection against discrimination. These include: strengthening rights awareness, improving access to justice, collecting data that supports the formulation of anti-discrimination policies, positive action aimed at creating equality, and closing gaps in protection against discrimination on various grounds and in different areas of social life. 

This latest FRA opinion aims at improving protection against discrimination across the EU at a time when the EU Institutions are looking to reform the EU legal framework on the protection against discrimination.