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“Remembering the Holocaust does not just mean that we look to the past,” said FRA Director Morten Kjaerum. “Antisemitism is still a harsh reality in Europe. Some of it is outspoken and violent, but it is often far more subtle and quietly accepted. In order to move on, anti-Jewish prejudice must be addressed more firmly at every level of society, and we should all condemn antisemitism wherever we meet it.”

FRA’s recent report on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the EU, which was based on a survey of Jewish communities experiences and perceptions in eight Member States, demonstrates that antisemitism is still very much a problem, and one that cannot be ignored.

  • 66% of respondents said that antisemitism was a problem in their countries.
  • 76% said that antisemitism had increased over the last five years.
  • 59% said that antisemitism in the media was a big problem, with the figure rising to above 70% in some countries.
  • 46% worry about becoming a victim of antisemtic verbal insult or harassment over the next 12 months, while 33% worry they may be physically attacked in the same period.

The FRA report made a number of proposals to improve the situation, recommending that EU Member States:

  • underline the responsibility of politicians and other opinion makers to condemn antisemitism in public debate immediately and unequivocally 
  • ensure that Holocaust education is integrated into school curricula 
  • collect comprehensive data on how Jewish people experience fundamental rights in their everyday lives. 

FRA provides the EU institutions and Member States with independent, evidence-based advice on fundamental rights. The Agency’s aim is to help ensure full respect for fundamental rights throughout the EU.


The figure below represents the key findings for the survey for the topic 'Experiences of antisemitism'. Click on the image to access the interactive country data explorer.