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FRA presented how the fundamental rights framework applicable to the storage and collection of biometric data applies in practice. This is in the context of the EU large-scale databases for migration and security.

FRA drew from its report ‘Under watchful eyes – biometrics, EU IT-systems and fundamental rights.’ FRA also spoke about the fundamental rights risks that might arise when profiling practices are powered by artificial intelligence technology. It referred to FRA’s paper on facial recognition technology and its guide on preventing unlawful profiling.

As an example of the use of algorithmic profiling, FRA highlighted the importance of implementing safeguards in the European Travel Information Authorisation System (ETIAS) Regulation, drawing on its legal opinion on ETIAS. ODIHR is running digital expert meetings to collect input on the use of new technology and its impact on rights in the border and security context as it develops a policy paper.