Discrimination remains a daily reality for many people across the EU despite 20 years of EU equality legislation. This finds the latest Opinion from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights.
FRA's Opinion looks at people’s experiences of discrimination in light of EU equality legislation, particularly the racial and employment equality directives. The EU adopted the two directives in 2000 for Member States to put into practice.
Drawing on substantial FRA evidence into experiences of discrimination and victimisation, the Opinion points to persistent inequalities in all relevant areas of life – from employment to health and housing.
Members of many population groups, protected by legislation, still too often fall victim to discrimination. They often do not report their experiences of discrimination. This includes members of ethnic and religious minorities, immigrants and their descendants, LGBTI people, and people with disabilities. Age and gender discrimination also remain an issue.
In addition, gaps in collecting equality data persist. This hampers the effective monitoring of how Member States apply the equality directives.
To better protect people against unequal treatment, the EU and its Member States need to:
The FRA Opinion aims at assisting the EU and its Member States improve protection against discrimination and foster equal treatment. This includes implementing and monitoring EU strategies and action plans to build a Union of Equality. These cover such areas as anti-racism, gender equality, LGBTI equality, the rights of people with disabilities, as well as Roma equality, inclusion and participation.
The FRA Opinion complements the European Commission 2021 report on the racial and employment equality directives.