Since 2007, there has been a concerted effort to introduce policies and laws that reduce discrimination against and promote the social acceptance of LGBT people in the Netherlands.
One of the key aims of the plan for such policies was to raise awareness on LGBT issues and welfare in local government and civil society by building links between LGBT and non-LGBT organisations.
Monitoring of the levels of social acceptance of LGBT people is conducted by the Social and Cultural Planning Bureau (Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau). A special instrument was developed to do so.
An interdepartmental working group has been established and local governments have held roundtables with the LGBT community.
Events and initiatives promoting LGBT acceptance and equality, such as Gay Pride or activities related to the International Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia, have also been encouraged and supported.
An annual LGBT Emancipation Innovation Award is also given out by the government to a person/group that has contributed significantly to the cause of LGBT equality.
In this page:
The impact of the various policies on the LGBT community is assessed by the Social and Cultural Planning Bureau. One of the criterion that is monitored is the amount of hate crimes committed against LGBT people.
Since 2006, social acceptance of sexual diversity and gender diversity has increased. However, this positive trend is not across all groups. Young and elderly people, and ethnic, religious and cultural minorities continue to be less accepting of LGBT people.
It is now possible to monitor developments in the security and wellbeing of LGBT groups more closely. Data can be collected from regular databases and monitors such as the Security Monitor (CBS, Dutch Statistical Office) and the National Survey on Labour Conditions (TNO-labour, Dutch Research Bureau).
A number of elements have been integral to the success of the policies:
A number of ideas contained within the practice can be replicated in other Member States:
Start date: 2007.
End date: Ongoing.
Scope of the practice: National.
Target group: Civil society, government (at national and local level), the general public.
Beneficiaries: LGBT groups.
Key objectives: To increase of the social acceptance of sexual and gender diversity, and of the safety and wellbeing of LGBT people.
The policies are not based on a specific hate crime legal framework. They are currently based on the Coalition Agreement (2013-2017) and the Emancipation Policy Document (2013-2017).
The Department of Education, Culture and Science [Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap] designed the policies in consultation with partners including:
Department of Education, Culture and Science, Directorate of Gender Equality and Sexual Diversity -Ministerie van Onderwijs, Cultuur en Wetenschap, Directie Emancipatie