EU Member States should ensure the systematic collection of reliable, valid and comparable equality data, disaggregated by sex, racial and ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. Member States should collect these data through the means described below, based on the self-identification of those at risk of discrimination. Civil society organisations representative of these population groups should contribute to developing relevant definitions and indicators.
Member States should draw on the fullest possible range of sources of equality data, including, at the national level, alongside FRA data, population censuses; administrative registers; household and individual surveys; victimisation surveys; attitudinal surveys; complaints data and research from equality bodies; situation testing; diversity monitoring by employers and service providers; and data generated through qualitative research strategies, such as case studies, in-depth interviews and expert interviews.
Member States should reinforce regular and comprehensive collection of equality data through their national statistical institutes and other relevant government agencies.
This includes systematic compilation of equality statistics based on population and household censuses, administrative registers and official EU-wide surveys, such as the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, the Labour Force Survey and other representative surveys. To enable the monitoring of equality outcomes, such data sources should (i) cover under-represented groups at risk of discrimination and (ii) include information on experiences of discrimination on the grounds of sex, racial and ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
To develop strategies to adequately capture situations in which different grounds of discrimination intersect or act in combination with one another – that is, multiple and intersectional discrimination – EU Member States should use a comprehensive set of equality data collection tools, including large-scale quantitative surveys covering different population groups and grounds of discrimination, alongside discrimination testing, which is an established method for generating objective evidence of discrimination.
Member States should step up efforts towards a coordinated approach to equality data collection and use such data as a basis for developing evidence-based policies to foster equality and non-discrimination.
In this regard, Member States should give due consideration to the Guidelines on improving the collection and use of equality data endorsed by the EU High Level Group on Nondiscrimination, Equality and Diversity. Member States are encouraged to use the mapping tool and compendium of practices that complement these guidelines. EU institutions and bodies should consider applying these guidelines within their own structures.
In line with Guideline No. 2 in the Guidelines on improving the collection and use of equality data, Member States should consider enabling equality bodies to foster interinstitutional cooperation in the collection and use of equality data. This could be achieved through setting up structures (e.g. an interinstitutional working group) that enable systematic and long-term cooperation between relevant entities in any given country. Member States that mandate equality bodies with such a coordination function should ensure that these bodies are provided with the necessary capacity, expertise and resources.