Roma Pilot Survey
The FRA Roma Pilot Survey was carried out in 2011. The survey documents the situation on the ground, providing policy makers with the necessary evidence for designing effective policy responses to address the situation of the millions of Roma who continue to face discrimination and social exclusion across the European Union (EU).
The study collected data on the socio-economic condition, experiences of discrimination and rights awareness of Roma in 11 EU Member States: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia and Spain. Specifically, the survey focused on respondents’ situation with respect to employment, education, housing and health. The survey also included questions concerning the socio-demographic characteristics of all household members as well as the surrounding neighbourhood and its infrastructure.
FRA carried out the survey as a part of its multi-annual Roma programme. The development of the survey content as well as the sampling and fieldwork were coordinated with the European Commission, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank. These three organisations carried out a regional Roma survey in 2011, which covered five countries where FRA also collected data, in addition to six non-EU countries in the western Balkans and Moldova.
The FRA survey interviewed 10,811 Roma and 5,508 non-Roma living nearby – that is, the survey provides data on a total of 16,319 households as well as selected characteristics of all members of these households. Participation in the survey was voluntary, and at the beginning of each interview the respondents could say whether they consider themselves Roma or not. The term ‘Roma’, as used by the Council of Europe, refers to Roma, Sinti, Kale and related groups in Europe, including Travellers and the Eastern groups (Dom and Lom). It also covers the wide diversity of the groups concerned, including persons who identify themselves as Gypsies.
For each household one respondent (16 years of age or older) was selected for the interview using random selection within the household. Parts of the data collected in the survey refer to the household as a whole, so that in total the survey data set describes the living conditions of 61,271 persons in these households. The results are representative for Roma living in areas where the density of Roma is higher than the national average density. The results for the non-Roma living nearby are not representative for the country’s majority population as a whole, but serve as a benchmark for Roma since they share the same environment and social infrastructure.
In France, the Roma surveyed were gens du voyage living in parking sites (aire d'accueil). In Italy and Greece, 47 % and 30 % of Roma respondents, respectively, lived in encampments. Such living arrangements need to be taken into account in the interpretation of the results – particularly with regard to housing. More detailed information on the composition of the sample is provided in the technical report.
The key results of the survey are summarised in an FRA report, published in May 2012. The results will be further elaborated in mid-2014 in three separate reports looking specifically at the situation of Roma in education and employment, and comparing the situation between Roma women and men. FRA has released the preliminary analysis of the results by gender in October 2013, based on a request of the European Parliament.
The Roma Pilot Survey data explorer offers users an interactive way to examine the survey results. It allows users to visualise the survey results on maps, compare results graphically between countries, or to browse results by topic. Results can also be exported in various formats for further use and reference. The reproduction of the data and charts is authorised according to FRA’s terms and conditions. When using the results found in the data explorer, the FRA Roma Pilot Survey 2011 must be acknowledged as the source.
Different visualisation tools
This interactive tool offers different ways to explore the data behind the survey results. There are four main visualisation options: Map, Bar chart, Country detail and Country comparison, as well as a Data table option that shows the data for the selected visualisation. There is also an “At a glance” visualisation that presents some of the key findings of the survey.
The European bar chart visualisation illustrates the values of all answers per country in a vertical stacked bar chart. The European Union average is also provided for comparison in the right hand side of the graph.
How to export the data
The export options can be found at the foot of each page. To export the visualisation as an image, choose one of Figure (PNG), Figure (High resolution), EPS (High resolution) or PDF (High resolution). To export the data for the selected visualisation in Microsoft Excel format, choose Data (XLS). To generate a Page URL, Embeddable HTML or a Page citation, choose the corresponding option.
About this survey
Second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey
How to use the data explorer
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