This summary report presents the key findings of
the fieldwork to identify and understand
the operation of barriers to and drivers of successful
investment in Roma inclusion and the FRA opinions stemming from
Almost twenty years after adoption of EU laws forbidding discrimination, people of African descent in the EU face widespread
and entrenched prejudice and exclusion. This report outlines selected results from FRA's second large-scale
EU-wide survey on migrants and minorities (EU-MIDIS II). It examines the experiences of almost 6,000 people of African
descent in 12 EU Member States.
This report presents the main insights gained during the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s project on local engagement for
Roma inclusion, which explores how to best involve Roma in integration efforts at the local level. Bringing together local
authorities and residents, especially Roma, it investigated what aspects work, which ones do not, and why this is the case.
Almost 25 million children under 18 are at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU. Poverty deprives children of educational
opportunities, childcare, access to health care, adequate food and housing, family support and even protection from violence.
This report outlines data and survey findings that highlight the magnitude of child poverty in the EU, but also presents tools
available to counter this phenomenon and keep track of progress made.
Across the European Union, Member States are faced with the challenge of integrating Europe’s most deprived
and disenfranchised minority groups. As a follow up to the EU-MIDIS II findings on Roma, this report presents
FRA’s findings relating to the issues of education and employment. Encouraging Roma participation in education
and employment equips communities with higher incomes, better life opportunities and greater social inclusion.
European societies are not getting any younger! It is a simple truth we must face both about ourselves and Europe as a whole. In two generations, by 2080, those aged 65 or above will account for almost 30% of the European Union’s population.
Despite ambitious initiatives, the fundamental rights situation of Roma in the EU remains profoundly troubling. This report
examines the persisting phenomenon of anti-Gypsyism and its effect on Roma inclusion efforts. It first presents data on
key manifestations of anti-Gypsyism, namely discrimination, harassment and hate crime.
Integrating migrants, refugees and their descendants is of critical importance for the future of the European Union.
This report examines Member States’ integration policies and action plans for promoting their participation in society,
focusing on non-discrimination, education, employment, language learning and political engagement.
Some 80% of Roma surveyed live below their country’s at-risk-of-poverty threshold; every third Roma lives in housing without tap water; every third Roma child lives in a household where someone went to bed hungry at least once in the previous month; and 50% of Roma between the ages of six and 24 do not attend school. This EU-MIDIS II report underscores an unsettling but unavoidable reality: the European Union’s largest ethnic minority continues to face intolerable discrimination and unequal access to vital services.
This report aims to estimate the economic cost of providing timely access to screening and treatment for migrants
in an irregular situation, compared with providing treatment only in emergency cases. It presents an economic
model to calculate such costs for two medical conditions: hypertension and prenatal care. To better illustrate its
application in practice, the model is applied to three European Union (EU) Member States – Germany, Greece and
The right to health is a basic social right. However, its understanding and application differs
across the European Union (EU) Member States, which results in different healthcare services
being offered to migrants in an irregular situation. This summary looks into the potential costs of providing migrants in
an irregular situation with timely access to health screening and treatment, compared to
providing medical treatment only in emergency cases.