European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey

In response to a widespread lack of data on the experiences of immigrants and ethnic minorities in the European Union, in 2008 the FRA carried out its first large-scale survey covering all the 27 EU Member States.

EU-MIDIS technical report

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EU-MIDIS questionnaire

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EU-MIDIS interviewed a random sample of 23,500 immigrants and ethnic minorities from selected groups in each country, using a standardised questionnaire so that the results can be compared across groups and countries. In ten Member States the survey interviewed a randomly selected sample of majority population respondents living in or around the same areas as the minority respondents. The interviews with majority respondents, 500 per country, used a shorter questionnaire aimed at allowing a comparison between the experiences of the two respondent groups for key survey items.

The extensive face-to-face interviews covered a number of topics, most importantly respondents’ experiences of discrimination, victimisation and police stops. In addition to the main topics, the survey also collected a wide range of socio-demographic information on the respondents, allowing for a detailed analysis of the results. For more information on the content of the survey please see the Survey Questionnaire.

The interviews, which took place in May-November 2008 (with a summer break from interviewing), were carried out by professional interviewers who received additional training on the purpose, content and procedures related to the survey. The data collection process was managed by Gallup Europe based on an open call for tender and following the project specifications of the FRA. Interviewers collected data from one to three persons in each selected household. The interviewer training programme, as well as the content of the survey and the sampling approach was developed based on the results of a pilot survey in six EU Member States in 2007. Representatives of the FRA attended both selected interviewer training sessions and interviews to monitor the execution of the survey.

Following the pilot survey and a consultation of a group of survey experts, the preferred approach to sampling the respondents was to use available population registries, where these were accessible for research purposes and where the registers contained information that allowed the selection of immigrant or ethnic minority respondents. However, this type of register data was not available in most of the EU Member States. In such cases the default approach for selection of respondents was the random route method in a sample of areas where the selected immigrant and ethnic minority groups were living. In a small number of countries random route sampling was not feasible, and respondents were contacted through interviewer-generated sampling. Full details on the data collection approach used in each Member State are available in the Technical Report.

Results of EU-MIDIS have been presented in a series of reports since 2009. Towards the end of 2012 the FRA intends to publish the sixth EU-MIDIS Data in Focus report on results concerning immigrants and ethnic minorities’ experiences of criminal victimisation, including hate crime. Following the publication of this final EU-MIDIS Data in Focus report the FRA plans to make the survey micro data available to other researchers.

For more information on EU-MIDIS and a full list of reports, please see the Related Content and Downloads sections on this page.