This summary outlines the main findings of FRA’s
second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with
hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the
European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people
ever conducted worldwide.
This paper discusses the evolution of European Court of Human Rights case law relating
to hate crime, providing an update on the most recent rulings. Approaching hate crime
from a fundamental rights perspective, it shows how Member State authorities’ duty to
effectively investigate the bias motivation of crimes flows from key human rights
instruments, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.
This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination
and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering
12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s
first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats,
harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other
forms of speech or text, including on the internet. The present report provides an overview of data on antisemitism as recorded by
international organisations and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European
Union (EU) Member States, based on their own definitions and categorisations.
Across the European Union, people face hatred because of their skin colour, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexuality.
In response, the EU and its Member States have introduced laws against hate crime and support services
for victims. But these will only fulfil their potential if victims report hate-motivated harassment and violence
to the police, and if police officers record such incidents as hate crimes. This report provides rich and detailed
information on hate crime recording and data collection systems across the EU, including any systemic cooperation
with civil society.
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of rights protection. The European Pillar of Social Rights marked an important move towards a more ‘social Europe’. But, as experiences with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights underscore, agreement on a text is merely a first step. Even in its eighth year as the EU's binding bill of rights, the Charter's potential was not fully exploited, highlighting the need to more actively promote its use.
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of fundamental rights protection. FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2018 reviews major developments in the EU between
January and December 2017, and outlines FRA’s opinions thereon.
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental
rights, but it has become harder for them do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions.
This summary outlines the main
findings and FRA’s opinions on the different
types and patterns of challenges faced by civil society
organisations across the EU,
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental rights, but it
has become harder for them to do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions. This report looks at the different types and patterns of challenges
faced by civil society organisations working on human rights in the EU.
Seventeen years after adoption of EU laws that forbid discrimination, immigrants, descendants of immigrants, and minority
ethnic groups continue to face widespread discrimination across the EU and in all areas of life – most often when seeking
employment. For many, discrimination is a recurring experience. This is just one of the findings of FRA’s second European Union Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II), which
collected information from over 25,500 respondents with different ethnic minority and immigrant backgrounds across all
28 EU Member States.