This summary outlines the main findings of FRA’s
second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with
hate crime, discrimination and antisemitism in the
European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people
ever conducted worldwide.
This paper discusses the evolution of European Court of Human Rights case law relating
to hate crime, providing an update on the most recent rulings. Approaching hate crime
from a fundamental rights perspective, it shows how Member State authorities’ duty to
effectively investigate the bias motivation of crimes flows from key human rights
instruments, such as the European Convention on Human Rights.
This report outlines the main findings of FRA’s second survey on Jewish people’s experiences with hate crime, discrimination
and antisemitism in the European Union – the biggest survey of Jewish people ever conducted worldwide. Covering
12 EU Member States, the survey reached almost 16,500 individuals who identify as being Jewish. It follows up on the agency’s
first survey, conducted in seven countries in 2012.
Almost twenty years after adoption of EU laws forbidding discrimination, people of African descent in the EU face widespread
and entrenched prejudice and exclusion. This report outlines selected results from FRA's second large-scale
EU-wide survey on migrants and minorities (EU-MIDIS II). It examines the experiences of almost 6,000 people of African
descent in 12 EU Member States.
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats,
harassment, discrimination and unequal treatment, property damage and graffiti or other
forms of speech or text, including on the internet. The present report provides an overview of data on antisemitism as recorded by
international organisations and by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European
Union (EU) Member States, based on their own definitions and categorisations.
With enormous volumes of data generated every day, more and more decisions are based
on data analysis and algorithms. This can bring welcome benefits, such as consistency and
objectivity, but algorithms also entail great risks. A FRA focus paper looks at how the use
of automation in decision making can result in, or exacerbate, discrimination.
In November 2017, the European Commission requested FRA’s support in evaluating the impact on fundamental rights of the European Border Surveillance System (Eurosur) Regulation. Further to this request, FRA reviewed the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) and analysed cooperation agreements concluded by EU Member States with third countries which are relevant for the exchange of information for the purposes of Eurosur. This report presents the main findings of such review.
Across the European Union, people face hatred because of their skin colour, ethnicity, religion, gender or sexuality.
In response, the EU and its Member States have introduced laws against hate crime and support services
for victims. But these will only fulfil their potential if victims report hate-motivated harassment and violence
to the police, and if police officers record such incidents as hate crimes. This report provides rich and detailed
information on hate crime recording and data collection systems across the EU, including any systemic cooperation
with civil society.
The year 2017 brought both progress and setbacks in terms of fundamental rights protection. FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2018 reviews major developments in the EU between
January and December 2017, and outlines FRA’s opinions thereon.
Civil society organisations in the European Union play a crucial role in promoting fundamental
rights, but it has become harder for them do so – due to both legal and practical restrictions.
This summary outlines the main
findings and FRA’s opinions on the different
types and patterns of challenges faced by civil society
organisations across the EU,