Roma

The Romani flag
The Romani flag
For more than a thousand years, Roma people have been an integral part of European civilisation. Today, with an estimated population of 10-12 million in Europe, approximately six million of whom live in the EU, Roma people are the biggest ethnic minority in Europe.

The available evidence suggests that many Roma (which include Travellers, Gypsies, Manouches, Ashkali and Sinti) live in overwhelmingly poor conditions on the margins of society, and face extreme levels of social exclusion. FRA surveys undertaken in 2008 and 2012 also found that prejudice, intolerance and discrimination affect a large proportion of Roma living in the member states, most of whom are EU citizens.

In April 2011, the European Commission issued a Communication on an EU framework for national Roma integration strategies, which asked FRA to contribute to monitoring and assisting EU-wide efforts to implement the EU’s plan for Roma integration.

The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union prohibits any discrimination based on race, colour, ethnic or social origin. The chapters on freedoms and solidarity establish the right to education and access to preventive healthcare and medical treatment. The charter also guarantees respect for cultural, religious and linguistic diversity.

Roma survey data explorer

Explore Roma survey results online >> 

Interactive tool allows users to visualise survey results on maps, compare results graphically between countries or browse results by topic.

Latest news View all

More targeted measures needed to support Roma women
05/04/2019

More targeted measures needed to support Roma women

Women throughout the EU face inequalities. But Roma women face additional challenges such as anti-Gypsyism, extreme poverty, exclusion and discrimination which reinforce their disadvantages, according to the latest report from the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. It underlines the urgent need for targeted, gender-sensitive measures that allow Roma women to realise their full potential.

Latest projects View all

Status: 
Ongoing

Roma and Travellers Survey 2018-2019

This survey will look at the socio-demographic situation of Roma and Travellers in six EU Member States. It will also look at their experiences of discrimination. Together such data will assess their level of inclusion in these Member States.
Status: 
Findings available

Local Engagement for Roma Inclusion - Multi-Annual Roma Programme

This is a qualitative action research project under FRA’s multi-annual Roma Programme. It was developed in response to the European Commission’s Communication on an EU Framework for National Roma integration strategies up to 2020. The project brings together local authorities and residents, in particular Roma, to investigate how they can best be involved in Roma integration actions, and identify which aspects of these actions work, which do not, and why.

Latest publications View all

Roma women in nine EU Member States
April
2019

Roma women in nine EU Member States

Report
Despite efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to reduce gender inequalities among citizens of Roma origin, important gender differences persist. Drawing on FRA’s own survey research in nine EU Member States this report highlights the position of Roma women in education, employment and health, as well as the extent to which they experience hate-motivated discrimination, harassment and physical violence.
Working with Roma: Participation and empowerment of local communities
November
2018

Working with Roma: Participation and empowerment of local communities

Report
This report presents the main insights gained during the EU Fundamental Rights Agency’s project on local engagement for Roma inclusion, which explores how to best involve Roma in integration efforts at the local level. Bringing together local authorities and residents, especially Roma, it investigated what aspects work, which ones do not, and why this is the case.
Transition from education to employment of young Roma in nine EU Member States
July
2018

Transition from education to employment of young Roma in nine EU Member States

Report
Across the European Union, Member States are faced with the challenge of integrating Europe’s most deprived and disenfranchised minority groups. As a follow up to the EU-MIDIS II findings on Roma, this report presents FRA’s findings relating to the issues of education and employment. Encouraging Roma participation in education and employment equips communities with higher incomes, better life opportunities and greater social inclusion.