Highlights

December 2020 update - NGO ships involved in search and rescue in the Mediterranean and legal proceedings against them
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
18 December 2020

December 2020 update - NGO ships involved in search and rescue in the Mediterranean and legal proceedings against them

In 2020 (until 15 December), the International Organization for Migration estimated that about 1,054 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of almost three people per day. In the past years, a significant number of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, national authorities initiated some 50 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, also seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet maritime safety-related and other technical requirements.

Migration: Fundamental rights issues at land borders
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
08 December 2020

Migration: Fundamental rights issues at land borders

This report looks at fundamental rights compliance at the European Union (EU)’s external land borders, including rivers and lakes. On 30 January 2020, the European Parliament requested the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to prepare a report on these borders. It noted that the report should focus on the correct application of the safeguards in the European asylum acquis and the provisions of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EU) 2016/399).

Scope of the principle of non-refoulement in contemporary border management: evolving areas of law
Type:
Report / Paper / Summary
Publication date:
05 December 2016

Scope of the principle of non-refoulement in contemporary border management: evolving areas of law

EU Member States are increasingly involved in border management activities on the high seas, within – or in cooperation with – third countries, and at the EU’s borders. Such activities entail risks of violating the principle of non-refoulement, the cornerstone of the international legal regime for the protection of refugees, which prohibits returning individuals to a risk of persecution. This report aims to encourage fundamental-rights compliant approaches to border management, including by highlighting potential grey areas.

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