Equality

Equality, non-discrimination and racism

Equality is a core value of the EU. You have the right to fair treatment regardless of who you are, what you believe, or how you chose to live.

We carry out research and share expertise to help fight discrimination, inequality and racism in all its forms.

Highlights

Products
12
May
2015
This paper examines the legal situation of intersex people from a fundamental rights perspective. It draws on evidence from the Agency’s updated legal analysis on homophobia, transphobia, and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, which now includes a section on intersex issues.
11
May
2015
A new Focus paper by the EU Agency of Fundamental Rights (FRA) outlines how Member States across the EU have reformed their laws and policies to meet their obligations under the CRPD. By bringing together examples of such reforms, it also highlights how the adoption of international commitments can drive wide-ranging processes of change at the national level.
5
May
2015
Each year thousands of children take part in criminal and civil judicial proceedings, affected by parental divorce
or as victims or witnesses to crime. Such proceedings can be stressful for anyone. The European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) investigated whether children’s rights are respected in these proceedings.
Children need to be heard and be involved in all issues that concern them. This includes the justice system.

Indicators on the right to political participation of people with disabilities

FRA in close cooperation with the European Commission and the Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED), developed 28 human rights indicators to assess the political participation of persons with disabilities in the EU.
30
March
2015
This paper discusses the difficulties faced by people with disabilities who become victims of hate crime, and the different legal frameworks in place to protect such victims in the EU’s Member States. It ends by listing a number of suggestions for improving the situation at both the legislative and policy levels.
12
January
2015
The rights of victims of crime to access justice and to be protected against repeat victimisation may remain illusory in practice if the victim fails to receive professional advice and support. This research by the European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) examines support service provision for such victims across the 28 EU Member States, in line with the 2012 EU Victims’ Directive. It focuses not on abstract fundamental rights standards but on the final
practical results.
9
December
2014
Trans persons, or those whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex assigned them at birth, face frequent discrimination, harassment and violence across the European Union (EU) today. This reality triggers fears that persuade many to hide or disguise their true selves. This report examines issues of equal treatment and discrimination on two grounds, namely sexual orientation and gender identity. It analyses data on the experiences of 6,579 trans respondents from the EU Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) survey, the largest body of empirical evidence of its kind to date.
6
November
2014
Children and young people are increasingly involved in research and decision making on different aspects of rights which relate to them. EU Member States have different rules, regulations and guidelines regarding the participation of children in research, in particular concerning ethics approval and informed consent.
This video was shown in the beginning of the high-level conference “Tackling sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination: next steps in EU and Member State policy making”.
29
October
2014
Primarily using data and information collected from five EU Member States, this paper briefly describes the phenomenon of forced marriage and selected legislative measures taken to address it. It lists promising practices
for the prevention of forced marriage and for supporting victims. The paper covers only one among many forms of violence against women analysed by FRA in its Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Main results report (2014).
28
October
2014
In light of a lack of comparable data on the respect, protection and fulfilment of the fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons, FRA launched in 2012 its European Union (EU) online survey of LGBT persons’ experiences of discrimination, violence and harassment.
24
October
2014
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage, graffiti or other forms of text, including hate speech on the internet.
9
July
2014
The EU and its Member States took a variety of important steps in 2013 to protect and promote fundamental rights by
assuming
new international commitments, revamping legislation and pursuing innovative policies on the ground. Yet, fundamental
rights violations seized the spotlight with distressing frequency: would‑be migrants drowning off the EU’s coast,
unprecedented mass surveillance, racist and extremist‑motivated murders, child poverty and Roma deprivation.
30
June
2014
This handbook aims to strengthen the protection of children, specifically addressing the particular needs of child victims of trafficking.
6
June
2014
This year’s FRA annual report looks at fundamental rights-related developments in asylum, immigration and integration; border control and visa policy; information society, respect for private life and data protection; the rights of the child and the protection of children; equality and non-discrimination; racism, xenophobia and related intolerance; access to justice and judicial cooperation; rights of crime victims; EU Member States and international obligations.
21
May
2014
The opportunity to be involved in political life, whether by standing for elected office, joining a political party, or following political news stories in the media, is at the heart of what it means to live in a democratic society. The report analyses data on the situation of political participation of persons with disabilities collected from across the 28 European Union (EU) Member States by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Commission-funded Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED).
5
March
2014
This factsheet presents some examples of survey findings, which are placed alongside general considerations as possible ‘ways forward’ for responding to violence against women.
Building on the widely popular practical handbook on European non-discrimination law, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Court of Human Rights have just published an update.
Protecting human rights is not an obstacle to combating terrorism was one of the FRA Director’s central messages to the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Terrorism. Instead, adopting a human rights-respectful approach can foster a safe society and boost security, as he outlined during his exchange of views with committee members during their meeting on 8 January in Brussels.
This year the Agency will see the return of its landmark Fundamental Rights Forum. Following the success of the 2016 event, it will again bring together a diverse group of people from many walks of life but this time will explore what belonging means to different groups. In doing so, the Forum will seek to find ways how best to instil a culture of fundamental rights across the EU by demonstrating that human rights are for everyone and must be respected by everyone.
In 2017, the Agency marked its 10-year anniversary at a time when fundamental rights continue to be challenged. It was an opportunity to take stock of what has been achieved while acknowledging much still remains to be done to reposition respect for fundamental rights as a core value across Europe.
The Agency presented the findings from its second EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey (EU-MIDIS II) and the beta version of its database of relevance to Muslims in Europe at the 4th Roundtable on combating anti-Muslim hatred and discrimination.
The European Network of Equality Bodies, Equinet, held a conference on 7 December in Brussels to look at how equality bodies can contribute to improving inclusion of and non-discrimination towards migrants in Europe.
On 6 and 7 December, the Agency presented its work and cooperation with NHRIs and civil society organisations at the Rabat+5 Symposium.
On 12 December, the Agency presented a selection of results from the second EU Minorities and Discrimination Survey in an expert forum in Helsinki.
A major new survey investigating discrimination and hate crime against Jews living in the European Union will start in 2018, led by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA).
Day in, day out we see efforts to chip away at the bedrock of human rights on which Europe is founded. Human Rights Day on 10 December is a time to reaffirm our commitment to human rights and stand up for equality, justice and human dignity for ourselves and others.
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights continues to point to the problems of limited data in its latest annual overview of antisemitism data from across the EU, as it remembers the wave of violent anti-Jewish events of 'Kristallnacht' on 9 November 1938. Without such data, efforts to combat antisemitism will remain general and untargeted.
The Agency was invited by the UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance, to participate in an expert meeting discussing good practices and experiences and drawing on expertise on the issue of racism, xenophobia and discrimination in the current context of counter-terrorism measures and legislation.
Promoting inclusion and mutual respect through education and strong positive narratives are essential to prevent incitement to hatred and counter hate speech in the digital age, the heads of three European human rights institutions said in a joint statement on today’s International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
The Council of Europe’s programme for Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals (HELP) will begin its ‘HELP in the 28’ course ‘Fight against Racism, Xenophobia, Homophobia and Transphobia’ on 6 February in Rome.
We live in strange times for fundamental and human rights with rights violations continuing to be unacceptable; but now also increasingly the systems guaranteeing rights are being rejected and considerable parts of the population are losing confidence in rights, feeling they belong to others not them. These were the opening words of the FRA Director when outlining the Agency’s 2017 priorities of migration, discrimination, security and rights promotion during the European Parliament’s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) meeting in Brussels on 9 February. However, he made assurances that the Agency is acutely sensitive of this environment and is seeking to engage with it at every turn.
The Deputy Director of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, Robert Williams, visited the Agency on 2 February.
Professor Ingeborg Gabriel, Personal Representative of the OSCE Chairperson-in-Office on Combating Racism, Xenophobia and Discrimination, also focusing on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians and Members of Other Religions, visited the Agency on 1 February.
The rising tide of intolerance spreading across Europe demonstrates the vulnerability of human rights and the need to be ever vigilant in their protection. On the eve of International Holocaust Remembrance Day on 27 January, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) call for greater efforts to acknowledge and reflect on the horrors of the past and to stand up against all forms of xenophobia and intolerance.
Over one million people sought refuge in the EU in 2015, a fivefold increase from the year before. In its Fundamental Rights Report 2016, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) examines the scale and nature of the challenge and proposes measures to ensure fundamental rights are respected across the EU.
On the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, the heads of Europe’s main intergovernmental human rights institutions call for a strong response to xenophobic attacks against migrants, asylum seekers and refugees, and call on governments and state authorities to uphold their international obligations in this regard.
The Agency will speak about its hate crime work during a special committee hearing of the Italian Chamber of Deputies on 9 March.
Stakeholders discuss the development of the Agency’s second survey on discrimination and hate crime against Jews in the selected EU Member States during a meeting at the Agency on 7 March.
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Local and regional authorities which are members of the European Forum for Urban Security (EFUS) will meet in Vienna on 1 March to discuss an upcoming compendium of good practices to fight intolerance and hate crime.
The Council of Europe’s programme for Human Rights Education for Legal Professionals (HELP) will begin its ‘HELP in the 28’ course ‘Fight against Racism, Xenophobia, Homophobia and Transphobia’ on 6 February in Rome.