Equality

Equality, non-discrimination and racism

Equality is a core value of the EU. You have the right to fair treatment regardless of who you are, what you believe, or how you chose to live.

We carry out research and share expertise to help fight discrimination, inequality and racism in all its forms.

Highlights

Products
New strategic guidelines in the area of freedom, security and justice by the European Council placed increasing mutual trust, strengthening the protection of victims and reinforcing the rights of accused persons and suspects high on the EU policy agenda. Many EU Member States adopted new laws or reformed existing laws and policies in this area, while efforts continued at UN, Council of Europe and EU level to strengthen the rule of law, judicial independence and the efficiency of justice systems, as cornerstones of a democratic society.
EU Member States continued their efforts to improve Roma integration by implementing their national Roma integration strategies following the Council Recommendation of December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures. FRA supports these efforts by regularly collecting data and working with the Member States to develop monitoring methods that allow for efficient reporting on the situation of Roma in the Member States over time.
Barriers persist in implementing effectively European Union (EU) legislation that prohibits and penalises manifestations of racism, xenophobia and ethnic discrimination. The sixth year of the economic crisis and turbulent developments in the Middle East and North Africa are raising concerns and considerations for migration and integration policies in the EU.
12
May
2015
This paper examines the legal situation of intersex people from a fundamental rights perspective. It draws on evidence from the Agency’s updated legal analysis on homophobia, transphobia, and discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity, which now includes a section on intersex issues.
11
May
2015
A new Focus paper by the EU Agency of Fundamental Rights (FRA) outlines how Member States across the EU have reformed their laws and policies to meet their obligations under the CRPD. By bringing together examples of such reforms, it also highlights how the adoption of international commitments can drive wide-ranging processes of change at the national level.
5
May
2015
Each year thousands of children take part in criminal and civil judicial proceedings, affected by parental divorce
or as victims or witnesses to crime. Such proceedings can be stressful for anyone. The European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) investigated whether children’s rights are respected in these proceedings.
Children need to be heard and be involved in all issues that concern them. This includes the justice system.
FRA in close cooperation with the European Commission and the Academic Network of European Disability Experts (ANED), developed 28 human rights indicators to assess the political participation of persons with disabilities in the EU.
30
March
2015
This paper discusses the difficulties faced by people with disabilities who become victims of hate crime, and the different legal frameworks in place to protect such victims in the EU’s Member States. It ends by listing a number of suggestions for improving the situation at both the legislative and policy levels.
12
January
2015
The rights of victims of crime to access justice and to be protected against repeat victimisation may remain illusory in practice if the victim fails to receive professional advice and support. This research by the European Union Agency
for Fundamental Rights (FRA) examines support service provision for such victims across the 28 EU Member States, in line with the 2012 EU Victims’ Directive. It focuses not on abstract fundamental rights standards but on the final
practical results.
9
December
2014
Trans persons, or those whose gender identity and/or gender expression differs from the sex assigned them at birth, face frequent discrimination, harassment and violence across the European Union (EU) today. This reality triggers fears that persuade many to hide or disguise their true selves. This report examines issues of equal treatment and discrimination on two grounds, namely sexual orientation and gender identity. It analyses data on the experiences of 6,579 trans respondents from the EU Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) survey, the largest body of empirical evidence of its kind to date.
6
November
2014
Children and young people are increasingly involved in research and decision making on different aspects of rights which relate to them. EU Member States have different rules, regulations and guidelines regarding the participation of children in research, in particular concerning ethics approval and informed consent.
This video was shown in the beginning of the high-level conference “Tackling sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination: next steps in EU and Member State policy making”.
29
October
2014
Primarily using data and information collected from five EU Member States, this paper briefly describes the phenomenon of forced marriage and selected legislative measures taken to address it. It lists promising practices
for the prevention of forced marriage and for supporting victims. The paper covers only one among many forms of violence against women analysed by FRA in its Violence against women: an EU-wide survey. Main results report (2014).
28
October
2014
In light of a lack of comparable data on the respect, protection and fulfilment of the fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) persons, FRA launched in 2012 its European Union (EU) online survey of LGBT persons’ experiences of discrimination, violence and harassment.
24
October
2014
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage, graffiti or other forms of text, including hate speech on the internet.
29
September
2014
This document provides clear explanations for children of the key terms used in the child-friendly justice project. It explains what rights are and how these rights should be protected during legal proceedings.
9
July
2014
The EU and its Member States took a variety of important steps in 2013 to protect and promote fundamental rights by
assuming
new international commitments, revamping legislation and pursuing innovative policies on the ground. Yet, fundamental
rights violations seized the spotlight with distressing frequency: would‑be migrants drowning off the EU’s coast,
unprecedented mass surveillance, racist and extremist‑motivated murders, child poverty and Roma deprivation.
30
June
2014
This handbook aims to strengthen the protection of children, specifically addressing the particular needs of child victims of trafficking.
The agency delivered a keynote speech to a conference on discrimination of Muslims.
The Agency has just published a paper that looks at how European Court of Human Rights case law relating to hate crime has evolved.
Antisemitic hate speech, harassment and fear of being recognised as Jewish; these are some of the realities of being Jewish in the EU today. It appears to be getting worse, finds a major repeat survey of Jews from the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, the largest ever of its kind worldwide.
A new online tool to help free Muslims from hatred has just been released by FRA. The anti-Muslim hatred database is an easy-to-use overview of information on hate crime, hate speech and discrimination against Muslims across the EU.
Black people in the EU face unacceptable difficulties in simply finding somewhere to live or getting a decent job because of their skin colour, according to findings from a major repeat survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. Racist harassment also remains all too common.
The persistent problem of limited data hinders effective responses to tackle Europe’s longstanding antisemitism issues, finds the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights’ latest annual overview of antisemitism data from across the EU. Without such data, government and civil society efforts to combat antisemitism will remain general and untargeted.
The Agency took part in the UN’s High-Level Political Forum 2018 on Sustainable Development in New York from 12 to 17 July. "Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies" organised by the United Nations.
On 12 and 13 July FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty, together with the Head of Freedoms and Justice Department, Joanna Goodey, attended the Informal Meeting of Justice and Home Affairs Ministers in Innsbruck.
Over 500 local and regional leaders and experts from 40 different countries attended the Council of European Municipalities and Regions’ conference on inclusion, diversity and equality in Bilbao on 13 June.
The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, Lamberto Zannier, together with the Director of his Office, Henrik Villadsen met the Agency’s Director Michael O´Flaherty at FRA on 6 June.
Nearly 60% of Europeans consider being old a disadvantage when looking for work. Societies often view older people as burdens. Too often we overlook the basic human rights of our older people. This year, the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) in its 2018 Fundamental Rights Report explores how a rights-based approach towards respect for older people is starting to happen.
The Agency presented research findings on discrimination and integration during a conference on 18 May about migrant integration at the regional and local level.
Jewish people in 13 EU Member States can now participate in the Agency's second antisemitism survey. Building on the results from the first survey, it aims to further help the EU and its Member States formulate informed policy and legal responses to combat antisemitism.
Participants at the European Coalition of Cities against Racism’s General Conference swapped knowledge about initiatives developed by cities, civil society, sport associations, cultural and grassroots organisations on fighting racism, discrimination and stereotypes, and promoting diversity and inclusion for all.
The Equality Data Subgroup agreed on an outline for non-binding guidelines on improving the collection and use of equality data.
Promoting equality and combating racism are essential to fortify social cohesion and democratic security, the heads of three European human rights institutions said in a joint statement on today’s International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
Building on the widely popular practical handbook on European non-discrimination law, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) and the European Court of Human Rights have just published an update.
Protecting human rights is not an obstacle to combating terrorism was one of the FRA Director’s central messages to the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Terrorism. Instead, adopting a human rights-respectful approach can foster a safe society and boost security, as he outlined during his exchange of views with committee members during their meeting on 8 January in Brussels.
This year the Agency will see the return of its landmark Fundamental Rights Forum. Following the success of the 2016 event, it will again bring together a diverse group of people from many walks of life but this time will explore what belonging means to different groups. In doing so, the Forum will seek to find ways how best to instil a culture of fundamental rights across the EU by demonstrating that human rights are for everyone and must be respected by everyone.
In 2017, the Agency marked its 10-year anniversary at a time when fundamental rights continue to be challenged. It was an opportunity to take stock of what has been achieved while acknowledging much still remains to be done to reposition respect for fundamental rights as a core value across Europe.
The FRA Director will join discussions on freedom of religion, antisemitism and Islamophobia during a joint meeting of the Council’s Working Parties on Human Rights (COHOM) and on Fundamental Rights, Citizens Rights and Free Movement of Persons (FREMP).
On 14 June, the Agency will attend the Council’s Working Party on 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Brussels.
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On 13 and 14 June the High Level group on combatting racism, xenophobia and other forms of intolerance will meet in Brussels.
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The Agency will contribute to the seventh meeting of the Education and Training 2020 Working Group on promoting citizenship and the common values of freedom, tolerance and non-discrimination through education.
The Council of Europe’s European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) will hold its annual seminar for Member States’ Equality Bodies on 24 May.
The Agency will take part in a meeting of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance in Rome on 29 May.
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The European Parliament is hosting a week of activities to honour people of African descent, between 14 and 17 May.
On 30 April, the Agency will take part in a conference at King’s College, London on countering radicalisation and safeguarding human rights.
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On 22 and 23 May in Sofia, the Agency will give presentations to the Bulgarian EU Presidency seminar on ‘Holocaust, antisemitism the rise of hate crime and hate speech’
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The Subgroup on Equality Data will gather on 26-27 April in Brussels for its first formal meeting to start work on preparing a set of non-binding guidelines on improving the collection and use of equality data in EU Member States
The Austrian Ombud for Equal Treatment is hosting a workshop for the national roll out of the Agency’s second minorities and discrimination survey (EU-MIDIS II) on 18 April in Vienna
On 28 February and 1 March, FRA will join the meeting in Brussels of the High Level Group (HLG) on Non-Discrimination, Equality and Diversity and provide members of the HLG with a debriefing from the meeting of the Subgroup on Equality Data held on 25 January in Brussels, which was facilitated by FRA.
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The Agency will present survey findings on discrimination in education during the OECD’s policy forum on the integration of migrants and refugees in education.
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The FRA Director will speak to the Council of the EU’s Working Party on Terrorism (International Aspects) in Brussels on 18 January, at the invitation of the Bulgarian Presidency.
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The Agency will join the plenary of the International Ethnic and Immigrant Minorities Survey Data Network in Madrid from 18 to 19 December.
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The Agency Director will give a keynote speech at a public event on the human rights situation of Muslims in the EU on 26 October in New York.
To mark the 10th anniversary of the OSCE’s Cordoba Conference and Declaration concerning intolerance, discrimination and hatred against Muslims on 18 October 2017, FRA will present its latest findings on Muslim discrimination and intolerance.
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The UN Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance has invited the Agency to take part in an expert meeting on 22 and 23 June.