Highlights

  • Report / Paper / Summary
    6
    juillet
    2023
    Following yet another recent tragic shipwreck and loss of life in the Mediterranean, this short report sets out examples of actions the EU could take to meet its obligations to protect the right to life and prevent more deaths at sea. As part of the work that the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) does on upholding fundamental rights in asylum and return procedures, this report calls for better protection for shipwreck survivors, and prompt and independent investigations. It sets out measures that EU Member States should take to improve search and rescue efforts and provide legal pathways to safety to prevent deaths at sea.
  • Fundamental Rights Report
    8
    juin
    2023
    La guerre d'agression non provoquée de la Russie contre l'Ukraine a entraîné des déplacements massifs de personnes à l'intérieur et à l'extérieur du pays. L'Union européenne (UE) a rapidement activé sa directive relative à la protection
    temporaire pour la première fois depuis son adoption en 2001. Cela a donné à près de 4 millions de personnes le droit à un séjour régulier et à un accès au travail, au logement, à l'assistance juridique, à l'éducation et aux soins de santé.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    28
    Février
    2023
    Russia’s military aggression against Ukraine triggered scenes not seen in Europe for decades. It has since caused death, immense destruction, and unspeakable suffering. It also set in motion a mass movement of people not seen since World War II. To protect them, the EU activated the Temporary Protection Directive for the first time. In doing so, all EU Member States must offer protection to those displaced from Ukraine.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    2
    Février
    2023
    Many cities throughout the European Union hosted people fleeing Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine. The EU currently faces the largest displacement of people in Europe since World War II. Since February 2022, over seven million people came to the EU. The arrival of such large numbers of people thrust cities and local governments to the forefront of the EU and its Member States’ relief work. This short publication provides a snapshot of cities’ initiatives to address this humanitarian crisis.
Produits
FRA Director Michael O'Flaherty visited the Canary Islands in March 2021 to get a sense of the migration situation there. He highlights the need to support the Canary Islands in relocating unaccompanied children and providing clear procedures on asylum applications.
25
Février
2021
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on asylum and migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by migration. It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 October and 31 December 2020.
18
décembre
2020
In 2020 (until 15 December), the International Organization for Migration estimated that about 1,054 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of almost three people per day. In the past years, a significant number of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, national authorities initiated some 50 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, also seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet maritime safety-related and other technical requirements.
Handbook / Guide / Manual
17
décembre
2020
La convention européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH) et la législation de l’Union européenne
(UE) fournissent un cadre de plus en plus important pour la protection des droits
des ressortissants étrangers. La législation de l’UE relative à l’asile, aux frontières et à l’immigration
se développe rapidement. Il existe un impressionnant corpus de jurisprudence de
la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme qui porte, en particulier, sur les articles 3, 5, 8 et
13 de la CEDH. La Cour de justice de l’Union européenne (CJUE) est également de plus en
plus souvent appelée à se prononcer sur l’interprétation des dispositions de la législation de
l’UE en la matière. La troisième édition du présent manuel, mise à jour jusqu’en juillet 2020,
expose de manière accessible cette législation et la jurisprudence des deux cours européennes
dans ce domaine.
8
décembre
2020
This report looks at fundamental rights compliance at the European Union (EU)’s external land borders, including rivers and lakes. On 30 January 2020, the European Parliament requested the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) to prepare a report on these borders. It noted that the report should focus on the correct application of the safeguards in the European asylum acquis and the provisions of the Schengen Borders Code (Regulation (EU) 2016/399).
6
novembre
2020
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on asylum and migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by migration. It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 July and 30 September 2020.
20
octobre
2020
The EU Fundamental Rights Agency published in 2019 its report on the ‘Integration of young refugees in the EU’. The report explored the challenges of young people who fled armed conflict or persecution and arrived in the EU in 2015 and 2016. The report is based on 426 interviews with experts working in the area of asylum and integration, as well as 163 interviews with young people, aged 16 to 24, conducted between October 2017 and June 2018 in 15 regions and cities located in six Member States: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Sweden. The links on this page provide a summary of the information collected during this period for each country about unaccompanied children turning 18 and the change in people’s legal status once international protection is granted. These two issues had at the time been identified as moments requiring sufficient, consistent and systematic support, particularly from lawyers, social workers and guardians, to ensure successful integration.
This video statement by FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty was recorded on 15 October 2020 at the Moria migration facility that was destroyed by fire in September 2020.
This video statement by FRA Director Michael O’Flaherty was recorded on 14 October 2020 at the temporary facility at Mavrovouni. This temporary camp was built to re-house people after the fire at the Moria migration facility on the island of Lesbos, in Greece.
29
juillet
2020
As we enter the second half of 2020, the constraints on our daily lives brought about by the Coronavirus pandemic have become a firm reality. New local lockdowns and the reintroduction of restrictive measures prompted by fresh outbreaks of the virus are a stark reminder that COVID-19 continues to shape our lives – and our enjoyment of fundamental rights – in profound ways. There is compelling evidence of how the pandemic has exacerbated existing challenges in our societies. This FRA Bulletin outlines some of the measures EU Member States adopted to safely reopen their societies and economies while continuing to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. It highlights the impact these measures may have on civil, political and socioeconomic rights.
27
juillet
2020
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on asylum and migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by migration. It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 April and 30 June 2020.
24
juillet
2020
Les présentes orientations sont destinées aux agents chargés de la gestion des frontières au sein des États membres de l’Union européenne (UE) qui travaillent au niveau opérationnel. Elles visent à les aider à mettre en oeuvre, dans leurs activités quotidiennes, les garanties relatives aux droits fondamentaux du code frontières Schengen [règlement (UE) 2016/399] et le droit de l’Union correspondant.
The EU Return Directive introduced an important fundamental rights safeguard for third-country nationals ordered to leave the EU because they do not or no longer fulfil the conditions for entry and/or stay. According to the Directive, Member States must provide for an effective forced-return monitoring system.
3
juillet
2020
The EU Return Directive (2008/115/EC) in Article 8 (6) introduced an important fundamental rights safeguard for third-country nationals ordered to leave the EU because they do not or no longer fulfil the conditions for entry and/or stay. According to the directive, Member States must provide for an effective forced-return monitoring system.
19
juin
2020
In 2019, the International Organization for Migration estimated that 1,866 people have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe to escape war or persecution or to pursue a better life. This is an average of five people per day. In recent years, a significant proportion of migrants in distress at sea have been rescued by civil society vessels deployed with a humanitarian mandate to reduce fatalities and bring rescued migrants to safety. Since 2018, however, authorities in some EU Member States started viewing civil society-deployed rescue vessels with hostility. As a reaction, national authorities initiated about 40 administrative and criminal proceedings against crew members or vessels, including seizing the latter. In some cases, rescue vessels were blocked in harbours due to flag issues or the inability to meet technical requirements.
11
juin
2020
L’année 2019 a été marquée à la fois par des avancées et des régressions en matière de protection des droits fondamentaux. Le Rapport sur les droits fondamentaux 2020 de la FRA examine les principales évolutions dans ce domaine, en recensant les progrès accomplis et les sujets de préoccupation persistants. La présente publication expose les avis de la FRA sur les principales évolutions dans les domaines thématiques couverts ainsi qu’un résumé des éléments factuels qui étayent ces avis. Elle fournit ainsi une vue d’ensemble concise mais instructive des principaux défis en matière de droits fondamentaux auxquels l’Union européenne (UE) et ses États membres doivent faire face.
11
juin
2020
FRA’s Fundamental Rights Report 2020 reviews major developments in the field in 2019, identifying both achievements and areas of concern. It also presents FRA’s opinions on these developments, including a synopsis of the evidence supporting these opinions. This year’s focus chapter explores how to unlock the full potential of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
28
mai
2020
The Coronavirus pandemic continues to interrupt everyday life in the EU in unprecedented ways. But the way it affects our societies is shifting. As governments gradually lift some of the measures put in place to contain the spread of COVID-19, new fundamental rights concerns arise: how to ensure that the rights to life and health are upheld as daily life transitions to a ‘new normal’. This Bulletin looks at declarations of states of emergency, or equivalent, and how they came under scrutiny. It considers the impact on fundamental rights in important areas of daily life, and includes a thematic focus on the processing of users’ data to help contain COVID-19, particularly by contact-tracing apps. It covers the period 21 March – 30 April 2020.
27
mai
2020
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by large migration movements. It addresses key fundamental rights concerns between 1 January and 31 March 2020.
11
mai
2020
In recent years, thousands of girls and boys have reached Europe without their parents, and sought international protection. Many of them experienced violence, abuse and neglect in their home countries, and while in transit. They have the right to be protected in line with the provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, the European Convention on Human Rights, and European Union law. This report explores the challenges and good practices gathered in the implementation of such relocation programmes. Based on information FRA collected in 10 EU Member States, it aims to help national authorities to support the relocation of unaccompanied children by taking measures that are fully rights compliant and practically feasible.
Dans toute l’Union européenne, des enfants privés de protection parentale risquent de devenir victimes d’abus ou de la traite. L’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA) publie aujourd’hui un manuel destiné à renforcer les systèmes nationaux de tutelle pour les enfants d’Europe, dans le cadre de la stratégie de l’UE en vue de l’éradication de la traite des êtres humains, qui reconnaît le rôle essentiel joué par les tuteurs dans la protection des enfants contre tout abus.
Après le succès de la première édition, la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme (CouEDH) et l’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA) publient aujourd’hui une version mise à jour de leur Manuel de droit européen en matière d’asile, de frontières et d’immigration. Publié l’année dernière, il est actualisé et traduit en deux nouvelles langues.
Tandis que les ministres de l’UE se réunissent pour discuter de l’avenir des politiques de l’UE en matière de libertés, de sécurité et de justice, l’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA) formule, dans son rapport annuel, des suggestions pratiques pour que les personnes vivant dans l’UE bénéficient d’une meilleure protection de leurs droits. La FRA présente également les défis et les réussites enregistrés en 2013 dans le domaine des droits fondamentaux.

De nombreux migrants ont péri noyés dans les dernières tragédies survenues en mer Méditerranée. La fréquence d’événements aussi tragiques met en exergue l’urgence pour les États membres et l’Union européenne de coopérer afin de sauver des vies et de préserver les droits des migrants.
Le 4 août, 102 personnes, dont quatre femmes enceintes, une femme blessée et un bébé de cinq mois, ont été sauvés par le pétrolier M/V SALAMIS dans la zone de recherche et de sauvetage libyenne.
La Cour européenne des droits de l’homme (CEDH) et l’Agence européenne des droits fondamentaux (FRA) publient aujourd’hui un deuxième guide pratique de droit européen. Le Manuel de droit européen en matière d’asile, de frontières et d’immigration s’appuie sur l’expérience acquise dans le cadre du premier projet conjoint des deux institutions, qui a abouti à la publication du Manuel de droit européen en matière de non-discrimination en 2011.
L’Agence des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne (FRA) publie un nouveau rapport qui présente les résultats d’une étude approfondie menée dans quatre États membres situés aux frontières maritimes méridionales de l’UE.