Highlights

Products
30
May
2016
The European Union (EU) and its Member States introduced and pursued numerous initiatives to safeguard and strengthen
fundamental rights in 2015. Some of these efforts produced important progress; others fell short of their aims. Meanwhile,
various global developments brought new – and exacerbated existing – challenges.
30
May
2016
En 2015, l’Union européenne (UE) et ses États membres ont introduit et poursuivi
de nombreuses initiatives destinées à protéger et renforcer les droits fondamentaux.
Le « Rapport sur les droits fondamentaux 2016 » de la FRA résume et analyse
les principales évolutions, et présente les avis de la FRA, dans le domaine
des droits fondamentaux dans l’UE entre janvier et décembre 2015. Le rapport,
qui relève à la fois les progrès réalisés et les obstacles persistants, donne un
aperçu des principales questions qui influencent les débats en matière de droits
fondamentaux dans l’UE.
20
May
2016
This opinion addresses the designation and operation of a framework established under Article 33 (2) of the CRPD at EU level (EU Framework). It aims to clarify the requirements of an EU Framework in light of the monitoring practice and jurisprudence of the CRPD Committee and – with regard to the concept of independence –the Committee interpreting the Paris Principles on the establishment of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs).
28
April
2016
Hate crime is the most severe expression of discrimination, and a core fundamental rights abuse. Various initiatives target such crime, but most hate crime across the EU remains unreported and unprosecuted, leaving victims without redress. To counter this trend, it is essential for Member States to improve access to justice for victims. Drawing on interviews with representatives from criminal courts, public prosecutors’ offices, the police, and NGOs involved in supporting hate crime victims, this report sheds light on the diverse hurdles that impede victims’ access to justice and the proper recording of hate crime.
16
March
2016
The fundamental rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people are often not respected across the EU. Public officials and other professionals in education, healthcare and law enforcement are entrusted with the duty to ensure that everyone’s fundamental rights are protected and promoted.
11
December
2015
Alors que les droits des personnes lesbiennes, gays, bisexuelles, transgenres et intersexuées (LGBTI) font l’objet
d’une reconnaissance accrue dans l’Union européenne (UE), de nombreux obstacles au plein exercice de leurs droits
fondamentaux subsistent. Le présent rapport est une mise à jour de l’édition 2010 de l’analyse juridique comparative de
la discrimination fondée sur l’orientation sexuelle et l’identité de genre de la FRA intitulée Homophobie, transphobie et
discrimination fondée sur l’orientation sexuelle et l’identité de genre.
2
December
2015
Children with disabilities face significant barriers to enjoying their fundamental rights. They are often excluded from society, sometimes living in facilities far from their families. They are also denied access to basic services, such as health care and education, and endure stigma and discrimination, as well as sexual, physical and psychological violence. FRA scrutinised the important but underreported issue of violence against children with disabilities, carrying out desk research and conducting interviews with knowledgeable stakeholders. This report presents the results of that research.
20
November
2015
Les enfants sont des titulaires de droits à part entière. Ils sont bénéficiaires de tous les droits
fondamentaux et de l’homme, et sont sujets de réglementations particulières compte tenu de leurs
caractéristiques spécifiques. Ce manuel a pour but de montrer comment le droit et la jurisprudence
européens s’adaptent aux intérêts et besoins particuliers des enfants.
Children should always be supported by a professional support person when they are involved in judicial proceedings, such as being at court. This could be, for example, a social worker or a legal counsellor.
Children should always be supported by a professional support person when they are involved in judicial proceedings, such as being at court. This could be, for example, a social worker or a legal counsellor.
During judicial proceedings, such as being at court, children should always be told what is going on. The information should be presented in a child-friendly and understandable way.
16
October
2015
This report explores the key features of guardianship systems put in place to cater for the needs of all children in need of protection, including child victims and those at risk of becoming victims of trafficking in human beings or of other forms of exploitation. The research covers four specific areas, namely the type of guardianship systems in place, the profile of appointed guardians, the appointment procedures, and the tasks of the guardians.
30
September
2015
Antisemitism can be expressed in the form of verbal and physical attacks, threats, harassment, property damage, graffiti or other forms of text, including on the internet. This report relates to manifestations of antisemitism as they are recorded by official and unofficial sources in the 28 European Union (EU) Member States.
30
September
2015
Regardless of ethnic origin, religion or belief, everyone living in the Union has a fundamental right to be treated equally, to be respected and to be protected from violence. This contribution paper to the Annual Colloquium
on Fundamental Rights provides evidence of the fact that such respect is lacking, and suggests ways in which governments can ensure they fulfil their duty to safeguard this right for everyone living in the EU.
25
June
2015
Les États Membres et les institutions de l’Union européenne (UE) ont introduit en 2014 un nombre de mesures juridiques et politiques pour garantir la protection des droits fondamentaux dans l’UE. Malgré ces efforts, beaucoup reste à accomplir, et il est clair que dans certains domaines la situation est alarmante : le nombre de migrants sauvés ou appréhendés en mer alors qu’ils essayaient de rejoindre les frontières de l’UE a quadruplé par rapport à 2013 ; plus d’un quart des enfants dans l’UE encourent un risque de pauvreté ou d’exclusion sociale ; et un nombre croissant de partis politiques recourent dans leurs campagnes à une rhétorique xénophobe et hostile aux immigrés, ce qui peut potentiellement augmenter le risque de certaines personnes d’être victimes de criminalité ou de crimes de haine.
An estimated 3,280 persons died at sea in 2014 while attempting to reach a haven in Europe, and the number of those rescued or apprehended at sea quadrupled compared with 2013. The number of displaced persons worldwide reached Second World War levels in 2014. Many move on from where they first arrive, with Germany and Sweden together receiving almost half of the asylum applications submitted in the EU.
Europe and the world celebrated the 25th anniversary of the adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 2014. Despite considerable progress in those 25 years, some old challenges remain and new ones have arisen. The latest data show that 27.6 % of children in Europe – more than 26 million – are at risk of poverty or social exclusion. Many families with children have difficulties paying for their rent or mortgage, heating, school materials and even food. The legal protection of child victims of violence or sexual abuse and children without parental care was significantly reinforced and relevant policies were developed.
New strategic guidelines in the area of freedom, security and justice by the European Council placed increasing mutual trust, strengthening the protection of victims and reinforcing the rights of accused persons and suspects high on the EU policy agenda. Many EU Member States adopted new laws or reformed existing laws and policies in this area, while efforts continued at UN, Council of Europe and EU level to strengthen the rule of law, judicial independence and the efficiency of justice systems, as cornerstones of a democratic society.
EU Member States continued their efforts to improve Roma integration by implementing their national Roma integration strategies following the Council Recommendation of December 2013 on effective Roma integration measures. FRA supports these efforts by regularly collecting data and working with the Member States to develop monitoring methods that allow for efficient reporting on the situation of Roma in the Member States over time.
Barriers persist in implementing effectively European Union (EU) legislation that prohibits and penalises manifestations of racism, xenophobia and ethnic discrimination. The sixth year of the economic crisis and turbulent developments in the Middle East and North Africa are raising concerns and considerations for migration and integration policies in the EU.