Racism and Xenophobia Thematic Area

Racism, xenophobia, antisemitism, Islamophobia, antigypsyism and related intolerances are a core part of the Agency's work. These issues are a permanent feature of its activities, according to the Agency's Founding Regulation, regardless of any changes in the FRA's multiannual framework of action, which is defined by the European Council every five years.

The largest single project the Agency has carried out to date is EU-MIDIS, a survey of migrants' and minorities' experiences of discrimination and hate crime.

More information on the FRA's work on Roma.

Related reports

A. Racism, ethnic discrimination and the protection of minorities and migrants

The Racial Equality Directive: application and challenges (25/01/2012)

Respect for and protection of persons belonging to minorities 2008-2010 (29/09/2011)

Migrants, minorities and employment - Exclusion and discrimination in the 27 Member States of the European Union (Update 2003-2008) (21/07/2011)

Handbook on European non-discrimination law (21/03/2011)

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus 5: Multiple discrimination (02/02/2011)

Racism, ethnic discrimination and exclusion of migrants and minorities in sport: the situation in the European Union (28/10/2010)

Understanding and preventing discriminatory ethnic profiling: A guide (11/10/2010)

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus 4 - Police Stops and Minorities (11/10/2010)

The impact of the Racial Equality Directive - Views of trade unions and employers in the European Union (Strengthening the fundamental rights architecture in the EU IV) (07/05/2010)

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus Report 3: Rights Awareness (07/05/2010)

EU MIDIS (minorities and discrimination survey) Main Results Report (09/12/2009)

EU MIDIS at a glance (22/04/2009)

Trends and Developments 1997-2005: Combating Ethnic and Racial Discrimination and Promoting Equality in the European Union (24/07/2007)

B. Antisemitism

Antisemitism: Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2011 (18/06/2012)

Factsheet on survey on perceptions and experiences of antisemitism (23/03/2012)

Human rights education at Holocaust memorial sites across the European Union: An overview of practices (20/10/2011)

Antisemitism Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2010 (20/06/2011)

Excursion to the past - teaching for the future: handbook for teachers (09/11/2010)

Antisemitism Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2009 (09/04/2010)

Discover the Past for the Future: A study on the role of historical sites and museums in Holocaust education and human rights education in the EU (26/01/2010)

Antisemitism Summary overview of the situation in the European Union 2001-2008 (updated 02/03/2009)

C. Muslim communities & Islamophobia

Experience of Discrimination, Social Marginalisation and Violence among Muslim and non-Muslim Youth (27/10/2010)

EU-MIDIS Data in Focus 2: Muslims (28/05/2009)

Community Cohesion at local level: Addressing the needs of Muslim Communities (03/03/2008)

Muslims in the European Union: Discrimination and Islamophobia (01/12/2006)


  • Annual overview of antisemitism in EU Member States (spring 2012)
  • Roma Pilot Survey - at a glance (May 2012)
  • FRA Annual Report, Chapter 6, Racism and Ethnic Discrimination (18 June 2012)
  • Official data collection on hate crime in the European Union: making bias-motivated crime visible [working title] (November 2012)
  • EU MIDIS Data in focus report 6 on the situation concerning reported and unreported hate crime experiences by selected groups of migrants and ethnic minorities across the EU (November 2012)
  • Results of the survey on perceptions and experiences of antisemitism (2013)