Meanwhile, Europeans are increasingly responsive to parties and movements with xenophobic, anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim agendas. Migrants, refugees, asylum seekers and members of ethnic and religious minorities suffer manifestations of violent hatred and continuous discrimination in many areas of social life. Moreover, the increasing use of internet and social media proliferates some political rhetoric and racist hate speech.
In 2014 across the EU, members of minority ethnic groups, including migrants and refugees, continue to face discrimination in access to key areas of social life, such as employment, education, health and services, including housing.
Underreporting of incidents of discrimination experienced by migrant and ethnic groups persists. Article 10 of the Racial Equality Directive requires Member States to inform persons concerned of their rights to non-discrimination.
In 2014, incidents of racist, antisemitic and xenophobic hate crime and hate speech persist. Continuous victimisation of members of minority ethnic groups can contribute to feelings of social exclusion and alienation of entire communities, and incite radicalisation.
The internet remains a critical tool for spreading hate speech.
Persistent gaps exist in data collection when it comes to recording of hate crimes, even though several EU Member States have made efforts to improve the recording and prosecuting of hate crimes in 2014.
In several EU Member States there were incidents involving discriminatory misconduct and discriminatory ethnic profiling by law enforcement officials in 2014.