Asylum

Vaiko apsauga

Highlights

  • Periodic updates / Series
    30
    March
    2020
    Children in migration are more vulnerable than adults, particularly when they are unaccompanied. Their vulnerability makes them more exposed to violence,
    exploitation and trafficking in human beings, as well as physical, psychological and sexual abuse. This report looks into challenges to the fundamental rights of children in
    migration throughout 2019. It pulls together the main issues identified in FRA’s Quarterly Bulletins on migration in selected EU Member States.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    11
    May
    2020
    In recent years, thousands of girls and boys have reached Europe without their parents, and sought international
    protection. Many of them experienced violence, abuse and neglect in their home countries, and while in
    transit. They have the right to be protected in line with the provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of
    the Child, the European Convention on Human Rights, and European Union law. This report explores the challenges and good practices gathered in the implementation of such relocation
    programmes. Based on information FRA collected in 10 EU Member States, it aims to help national authorities
    to support the relocation of unaccompanied children by taking measures that are fully rights compliant
    and practically feasible.
  • Handbook / Guide / Manual
    13
    June
    2019
    Vadovo „Be tėvų priežiūros likę vaikai, rasti ne savo gyvenamojoje ES valstybėje narėje“ tikslas –
    sustiprinti visų vaiko apsauga besirūpinančių subjektų atsaką. Apsaugoti tokias mergaites ir berniukus
    nepaprastai svarbu. Tai yra ES valstybių narių prievolė, įtvirtinta tiek tarptautinėje, tiek Europos
    teisinėje sistemoje. Įgyvendinant veiksmus, numatytus 2017 m. komunikate dėl ES veiksmų stiprinimo
    kovojant su prekyba žmonėmis, šiame vadove daugiausia dėmesio skiriama prekybos žmonėmis
    aukomis tapusiems ir rizikos grupei priklausantiems vaikams ir atsižvelgiama į vyraujančius modelius
    bei su jais susijusią šiai nusikalstamai veikai būdingą lyčių specifiką.
  • Report / Paper / Summary
    18
    September
    2019
    Individuals who are not entitled to stay in the European Union are typically subject
    to being returned to their home countries. This includes children who are not
    accompanied by their parents or by another primary caregiver. But returning such
    children, or finding another durable solution, is a delicate matter, and doing so in full
    compliance with fundamental rights protections can be difficult. This focus paper
    therefore aims to help national authorities involved in return-related tasks, including
    child-protection services, to ensure full rights compliance.
Products
20
October
2020
The EU Fundamental Rights Agency published in 2019 its report on the ‘Integration of young refugees in the EU’. The report explored the challenges of young people who fled armed conflict or persecution and arrived in the EU in 2015 and 2016. The report is based on 426 interviews with experts working in the area of asylum and integration, as well as 163 interviews with young people, aged 16 to 24, conducted between October 2017 and June 2018 in 15 regions and cities located in six Member States: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Sweden. The links on this page provide a summary of the information collected during this period for each country about unaccompanied children turning 18 and the change in people’s legal status once international protection is granted. These two issues had at the time been identified as moments requiring sufficient, consistent and systematic support, particularly from lawyers, social workers and guardians, to ensure successful integration.
11
May
2020
In recent years, thousands of girls and boys have reached Europe without their parents, and sought international
protection. Many of them experienced violence, abuse and neglect in their home countries, and while in
transit. They have the right to be protected in line with the provisions of the UN Convention on the Rights of
the Child, the European Convention on Human Rights, and European Union law. This report explores the challenges and good practices gathered in the implementation of such relocation
programmes. Based on information FRA collected in 10 EU Member States, it aims to help national authorities
to support the relocation of unaccompanied children by taking measures that are fully rights compliant
and practically feasible.
Based on the lessons learned from relocation
experiences and on existing international and EU legal
standards, FRA has developed a number of practical
suggestions for the adjustment of relocation efforts to
the protection needs of unaccompanied children. This
guidance aims to be a practical tool for Member States
that wish to engage in the relocation of unaccompanied
children and in any future responsibility-sharing
mechanisms, and to gain knowledge on how this can
be done while respecting the child’s best interests.
30
March
2020
Children in migration are more vulnerable than adults, particularly when they are unaccompanied. Their vulnerability makes them more exposed to violence,
exploitation and trafficking in human beings, as well as physical, psychological and sexual abuse. This report looks into challenges to the fundamental rights of children in
migration throughout 2019. It pulls together the main issues identified in FRA’s Quarterly Bulletins on migration in selected EU Member States.
17
March
2020
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) urges Member States to agree on a simple and practical workflow as soon as possible, to avoid lack of clarity and delays in the relocation process. This paper provides practical suggestions on relocation of unaccompanied children from Greece, building on lessons learned from previous mandatory and voluntary relocation schemes. The paper provides FRA input on the initiative of the European Commission and a group of Member States to relocate unaccompanied children.
19
November
2019
Over 2.5 million people applied for international protection in the 28 EU Member States in 2015 and 2016. Many of those who were granted some form of protection are young people, who are likely to stay and settle in the EU. The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights interviewed some of them, as well as professionals working with them in 15 locations across six EU Member States: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy and Sweden. This report presents the result of FRA’s fieldwork research, focusing on young people between the
ages of 16 and 24.
20
November
2019
Die Rechte des Kindes stehen an oberster Stelle. Maßnahmen für den Schutz und die
Teilhabe von Kindern gelten für ALLE Kinder in der EU.
4
November
2019
The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been regularly collecting data on asylum and
migration since September 2015. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation
of people arriving in Member States and EU candidate countries particularly affected by
migration. It addresses fundamental rights concerns between 1 July and 30 September 2019.
18
September
2019
Individuals who are not entitled to stay in the European Union are typically subject
to being returned to their home countries. This includes children who are not
accompanied by their parents or by another primary caregiver. But returning such
children, or finding another durable solution, is a delicate matter, and doing so in full
compliance with fundamental rights protections can be difficult. This focus paper
therefore aims to help national authorities involved in return-related tasks, including
child-protection services, to ensure full rights compliance.
Fundamental Rights Report 2019: Not all children benefit equally from efforts to guarantee child rights.
Some groups face particular difficulties.
13
June
2019
New language versions: ES, HU, IT, NL, PL
15 September 2020
Vadovo „Be tėvų priežiūros likę vaikai, rasti ne savo gyvenamojoje ES valstybėje narėje“ tikslas –
sustiprinti visų vaiko apsauga besirūpinančių subjektų atsaką. Apsaugoti tokias mergaites ir berniukus
nepaprastai svarbu. Tai yra ES valstybių narių prievolė, įtvirtinta tiek tarptautinėje, tiek Europos
teisinėje sistemoje. Įgyvendinant veiksmus, numatytus 2017 m. komunikate dėl ES veiksmų stiprinimo
kovojant su prekyba žmonėmis, šiame vadove daugiausia dėmesio skiriama prekybos žmonėmis
aukomis tapusiems ir rizikos grupei priklausantiems vaikams ir atsižvelgiama į vyraujančius modelius
bei su jais susijusią šiai nusikalstamai veikai būdingą lyčių specifiką.
11
March
2019
In November 2016, FRA formulated 21 individual opinions to address the fundamental
rights shortcomings identified in the implementation of the hotspot approach in Greece
and Italy. Despite genuine efforts to improve the situation since November 2016, many
of the suggestions contained in the 21 opinions FRA formulated at the time remain valid.
25
April
2018
The methods used to determine the age of
an applicant may include “invasive” medical tests which interfere with the rights of the child, including their right to dignity,
integrity and privacy. It is often a challenge to find the right balance between protecting children from harm and promoting
their participation in these procedures. This report provides important insights and identifies the implications of collecting
children’s biometric data and conducting age assessments.
16
January
2018
Vormünder sind zentral in einem System zum Schutz von Kindern, die vorübergehend oder dauerhaft aus ihrem familiären Umfeld herausgelöst wurden und deren Interessen nicht von ihren Eltern vertreten werden können. Zwischen den Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union (EU) und auch innerhalb der Mitgliedstaaten gibt es große Unterschiede in den Arten von Vormundschaft. Dieser Bericht untersucht die wesentlichen Merkmale von Vormundschaftssystemen, die den Bedürfnissen schutzbedürftiger Kinder gerecht werden sollen. Dies schließt Kinder ein, die Opfer von Menschenhandel und anderen Formen der Ausbeutung sind, und Kinder, die Gefahr laufen, Opfer von Menschenhandel oder anderen Formen der Ausbeutung zu werden.
20
November
2017
International treaties, the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, European Union (EU) secondary law and national legislation provide a number of rights to citizens. The maps and tables presented show the various patterns concerning age requirements for children to acquire rights in the EU. They also identify inconsistencies, protection gaps and restrictions deriving from different age thresholds. The aim is to assist EU Member States in addressing these issues and to facilitate the EU in exercising its competence to support and coordinate Member States’ actions related to children and youth.
22
June
2017
Up to one third of migrants arriving in the European Union since the summer of 2015 have been children. The current emphasis on speedier asylum processing and making returns more effective may trigger increased use of immigration detention, possibly also affecting children. The detention of children implicates various fundamental rights and will only be in line with EU law if limited to exceptional cases. This report aims to support practitioners in implementing relevant polices in line with applicable law by outlining available safeguards against unlawful and arbitrary detention and highlighting promising practices.
19
May
2017
This report assesses asylum seekers’ and refugees’ opportunities to access early
childhood education and primary, secondary and tertiary education and training.
It identifies measures available for their support, as well as possible areas for
improvement.
25
January
2017
The European Parliament asked the Agency to provide its Opinion on the fundamental rights impact of the proposed revision of the Eurodac Regulation on children.
20
December
2016
This focus section outlines the specific protection needs of separated children, and highlights current responses and promising practices among EU Member States.
8
December
2016
This opinion analyses the effects on children of the proposed recast Dublin Regulation. It covers child-specific rules as well as provisions relating to all asylum applicants that significantly affect children.