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Specific legal obligations for civilians to report cases of child abuse, neglect and violence (this map should be read together with the map on provisions on professionals' legal obligation to report cases)
Note: For the United Kingdom, specific provisions assigning reporting obligations to civilians exist in Northern Ireland.
Source: FRA, 2014
In 15 EU Member States (Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Sweden), there are provisions setting forth specific obligations for civilians to report cases of child abuse, neglect and/or exploitation, falling under the scope of national child protection systems.
In many Member States without specific provisions, general provisions on the obligation for all citizens to report a criminal act under national law apply. In such cases, however, there is no particular obligation to report a child at risk or presumed cases of abuse.